Bhāskara II

Bhāskara (also known as Bhāskara II and Bhāskarāchārya ("Bhāskara the teacher"), (1114–1185), was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. He was born near Vijjadavida (Bijāpur in modern Karnataka). Bhāskara is said to have been the head of an astronomical observatory at Ujjain, the leading mathematical center of ancient India. He lived in the Sahyadri region (Patnadevi, Jalgaon, Maharashtra).

Bhāskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. His main work Siddhānta Shiromani, (Sanskrit for "Crown of treatises,") is divided into four parts called Lilāvati, Bijaganita, Grahaganita and Golādhyāya. These four sections deal with arithmetic, algebra, mathematics of the planets, and spheres respectively. He also wrote another treatise named Karan Kautoohal.

Bhāskara's work on calculus predates Newton and Leibniz by half a millennium. He is particularly known in the discovery of the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations. While Newton and Leibniz have been credited with differential and integral calculus, there is strong evidence to suggest that Bhāskara was a pioneer in some of the principles of differential calculus. He was perhaps the first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus.

Read more about Bhāskara II:  Family, Mathematics, Astronomy, Engineering, Legends

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Narayana Pandit
... Sanskrit mathematics treatises after those of Bhaskara II, other than the Kerala school ... also thought to be the author of an elaborate commentary of Bhaskara II's Lilavati, titled Karmapradipika (or Karma-Paddhati) ... that Narayana made minor contributions to the ideas of differential calculus found in Bhaskara II's work ...
History Of Trigonometry - Development - Indian Mathematics
... Another later Indian author on trigonometry was Bhaskara II in the 12th century ... Bhaskara II developed spherical trigonometry, and discovered many trigonometric results ... Bhaskara II was the first to discover and trigonometric results like Madhava (c ...
History Of Elementary Algebra - Indian Algebra - Bhāskara II
... Bhāskara II (1114–c. 1185) was the leading mathematician of the 12th century ...
Bhāskara II - Legends
... which is found in a Persian translation of Lilavati, Bhaskara II studied Lilavati's horoscope and predicted that her husband would die soon after the marriage if the marriage did ... Bhaskara II conceived the modern mathematical convention that when a finite number is divided by zero, the result is infinity ...