Benzoic Acid

Benzoic acid ( /bɛnˈzoʊ.ɪk/), C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid. The name derived from gum benzoin, which was for a long time the only source for benzoic acid. Its salts are used as a food preservative and benzoic acid is an important precursor for the synthesis of many other organic substances. The salts and esters of benzoic acid are known as benzoates ( /ˈbɛnzoʊ.eɪt/).

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Other articles related to "benzoic acid, acid, acids":

Benzene In Soft Drinks - Formation in Soft Drinks
... cause of benzene in soft drinks is the decarboxylation of benzoic acid in the presence of ascorbic acid (vitamin C, E300) or erythorbic acid (a ... Benzoic acid is often added to drinks as a preservative in the form of its salts sodium benzoate (E211), potassium benzoate (E 212), or calcium benzoate (E 213) ... Citric acid is not thought to induce significant benzene production in combination with benzoic acid, but some evidence suggests that in the presence of ascorbic or erythorbic acid and benzoic acid ...
Paregoric, U.S.P. Formula
... is tincture of opium 40 cc, anise oil 4 cc, benzoic acid 4 gm, camphor 4 gm, glycerin 40 cc, alcohol 450 cc, purified water 450 cc, diluted alcohol to 1000 cc, and ... the United States Pharmacoepia of 1863 is "Macerate 1 drachm each powdered opium and benzoic acid, 1 fluid drachm of anise, 2 ounces clarified honey, and 2 scruples ... is tincture of opium 5 cc, benzoic acid 500 mg, camphor 300 mg, anise oil 0.3 cc, alcohol (60%) to 100 cc, and contains about 1/30th grain of anhydrous morphine in 60 minims, which is 25% stronger ...
Work-up (chemistry)
... bromide and carbon dioxide in the form of dry ice gives the conjugate base of benzoic acid ... The desired product, benzoic acid, is obtained by the following work-up The reaction mixture containing the Grignard reagent is allowed to warm to room temperature in a water bath to allow ... White solids of impure benzoic acid are obtained ...
Benzoic Acid - Chemistry - Carboxyl Group
... All the reactions mentioned for carboxylic acids are also possible for benzoic acid ... Benzoic acid esters are the product of the acid catalysed reaction with alcohols ... Benzoic acid amides are more easily available by using activated acid derivatives (such as benzoyl chloride) or by coupling reagents used in peptide synthesis like DCC and DMAP ...
Benzen - History - Discovery
... by sublimation, and named "flowers of benzoin", or benzoic acid ... The hydrocarbon derived from benzoic acid thus acquired the name benzin, benzol, or benzene ... In 1833, Eilhard Mitscherlich produced it via the distillation of benzoic acid (from gum benzoin) and lime ...