Battle of Cannae

The Battle of Cannae (/ˈkæni/ or /ˈkæneɪ/) was a major battle of the Second Punic War, which took place on August 2, 216 BC near the town of Cannae in Apulia in southeast Italy. The army of Carthage under Hannibal decisively defeated a numerically superior army of the Roman Republic under command of the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro. It is regarded as one of the greatest tactical feats in military history and, in numbers killed, the second greatest defeat of Rome (second to the Battle of Arausio).

Having recovered from their previous losses at Trebia (218 BC) and Trasimene (217 BC), the Romans decided to engage Hannibal at Cannae, with roughly 86,000 Roman and Allied troops. The Romans massed their heavy infantry in a deeper formation than usual while Hannibal utilized the double-envelopment tactic. This was so successful that the Roman army was effectively destroyed as a fighting force. Following the Battle of Cannae, Capua and several other Italian city-states defected from the Roman Republic to Carthage.

Read more about Battle Of Cannae:  Strategic Background, Roman Command, Prelude, Aftermath, Historical Sources

Other articles related to "battle of cannae, cannae, battle":

Conquests Of Hannibal - Second Punic War - Battle of Cannae
... BC, Hannibal took the initiative and seized the large supply depot at Cannae in the Apulian plain ... By seizing Cannae, Hannibal had placed himself between the Romans and their crucial source of supply ... it is estimated that 50,000-70,000 Romans were killed or captured at Cannae ...
Battle Of Cannae - Historical Sources
... There are three main accounts of the battle, none of them contemporary ... The closest is Polybius, who wrote his account 50 years after the battle ... Polybius portrays the battle as the ultimate nadir of Roman fortunes, functioning as a literary device such that the subsequent Roman recovery is more dramatic ...

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