The Battle of Calatafimi took place on the hill Pianto Romano, near the namesake town. The battle was inconclusive, but served to boost the morale of the Mille and, at the same time, depress the Neopolitans, who, ill guided with their often corrupted officers, started to feel themselves abandoned. During the battle, Garibaldi is said to have uttered the famous battle cry "Qui si fa l'Italia o si muore" ("Here we make Italy, or we die").
Due to the battle, the ranks of the Mille enlarged to 1,200 with local men joining. With the help of a popular insurrection, on May 27 they laid siege to Palermo, the island's capital. The city was defended by some 16,000 men, but they were under the confused and timid direction of general Ferdinando Lanza, aged 75.
While two columns of Garibaldines attacked the external perimeter, part of the population, strengthened by 2,000 prisoners liberated from the local jails, rose against the garrison. When his troops were driven back from most of their positions, Lanza ordered them to bombard the city for three days, provoking the deaths of 600 civilians. By May 28, Garibaldi controlled much of the city and declared the Bourbon authority deposed. The following day, a desperate Neapolitan counteroffensive was driven back, and Lanza asked for a truce. However, when a reinforcement party of well equipped and well trained troops arrived in the city, the situation became very serious for Garibaldi, who was saved only by Lanza's decision to surrender. Through the mediation of a British admiral, an armistice was signed and the Neapolitan fleet abandoned the port.
Read more about this topic: Battle Of Calatafimi
Other articles related to "battle, battles":
... Battles affect the individuals who take part, as well as the political actors ... Personal effects of battle range from mild psychological issues to permanent and crippling injuries ... Some battle-survivors have nightmares about the conditions they encountered, or abnormal reactions to certain sights or sounds ...
... After some skirmishes at Grafton, one of the first land battles of the Civil War, the Battle of Philippi, took place in Philippi, Barbour County, in what is now West Virginia ... The battle began when a Federal battery started lobbing shells into a camp of around 825 surprised Confederate recruits who had been asleep ... In response, the Confederates ran, thus earning the battle the name “Philippi Races.” After the battle, the 9th camped on the same hill where the battery was located ...
... It is a fictionalized retelling of the Battle of Thermopylae ... King Leonidas (Gerard Butler), who leads 300 Spartans into battle against Persian "god-King" Xerxes (Rodrigo Santoro) and his army of more than one ... As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo (Lena Headey) attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband ...
... weapons are inaccurate and questionable for the time of the battle ... While the Persians were known to use war elephants in battle, there is no evidence that the Persians used them in their invasion of Greece ... that Simonides, Aeschylus, and Herodotus viewed Thermopylae as a battle against "Eastern centralism and collective serfdom," which opposed "the idea of the free citizen of an ...
... Virginia was one of the participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads, opposing the Union's USS Monitor in March 1862 ... The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads ...
Famous quotes containing the word battle:
“A woman watches her body uneasily, as though it were an unreliable ally in the battle for love.”
—Leonard Cohen (b. 1934)
“The battle which I witnessed took place in the Presidency of Polk, five years before the passage of Websters Fugitive-Slave Bill.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“I remember the scenes of battle in which we stood together. I remember especially that broad and deep grave at the foot of the Resaca hill where we left those gallant comrades who fell in that desperate charge. I remember, through it all, the gallantry, devotion and steadfastness, the high-set patriotism you always exhibited.”
—Benjamin Harrison (18331901)