In general, the malabsorptive procedures lead to more weight loss than the restrictive procedures; however, they have a higher risk profile. A meta-analysis from University of California, Los Angeles, reports the following weight loss at 36 months:
- Biliopancreatic diversion — 117 Lbs / 53 kg
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) — 90 Lbs / 41 kg
- Open — 95 Lbs/ 43 kg
- Laparoscopic — 84 Lbs / 38 kg
- Vertical banded gastroplasty — 71 Lbs / 32 kg
More recent studies have demonstrated that the medium (3–8 years) and long term (> 10 years) weight loss results for RYGB and LAGB become very similar. However, the range of excess weight loss for LAGB patients (25% to 80%) is much broader than that of RYGB patients (50% to 70%). Data (beyond 5 years) for sleeve gastrectomy indicates weight loss statistics similar to RYGB.
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