Australian Aboriginal Languages - Common Features

Common Features

Whether or not it is due to genetic unity, typologically the Australian languages form a language area or Sprachbund, sharing much of their vocabulary and sharing many distinctive phonological features across the entire continent.

A common feature of many Australian languages is that they display so-called mother-in-law languages, special speech registers used only in the presence of certain close relatives. These registers share the phonology and grammar of the standard language, but the lexicon is different and usually very restricted. There are also commonly speech taboos during extended periods of mourning or initiation that have led to a large number of Aboriginal sign languages.

For morphosyntactic alignment, many Australian languages have ergative–absolutive case systems. These are typically split systems; a widespread pattern is for pronouns (or first and second person) to have nominative–accusative case marking and for third person to be ergative–absolutive, though splits between animate and inanimate are also found. In some languages the persons in between the accusative and ergative inflections (such as second person, or third-person human) may be tripartite: that is, marked overtly as either ergative or accusative in transitive clauses, but not marked as either in intransitive clauses. There are also a few languages which employ only nominative–accusative case marking.

Read more about this topic:  Australian Aboriginal Languages

Other articles related to "common features, features, common":

Monolight - Construction - Common Features
... Most monolights have several features in common Flashtube/strobe bulb — The bulb that creates the flash ...
Capability Maturity Model - Model Topics - Structure
... Common Features common features include practices that implement and institutionalize a key process area ... There are five types of common features commitment to perform, ability to perform, activities performed, measurement and analysis, and verifying implementation ...
Classification - Epilepsy Syndromes
... information about the person and the episodes than seizure type alone, such as clinical features (e.g ... Below are some common seizure syndromes Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is an idiopathic localization-related epilepsy that is ... Vocalizations such as shouting, moaning, or crying are also common ...

Famous quotes containing the words features and/or common:

    Art is the child of Nature; yes,
    Her darling child, in whom we trace
    The features of the mother’s face,
    Her aspect and her attitude.
    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882)

    A constitutional statesman is in general a man of common opinions and uncommon abilities.
    Walter Bagehot (1826–1877)