Ars Nova

Ars nova refers to a musical style which flourished in France and the Burgundian Low Countries in the Late Middle Ages: more particularly, in the period between the preparation of the Roman de Fauvel (1310 – 1314) and the death of the composer Guillaume de Machaut in 1377 (whose poems were a large inspiration for Johannes Ciconia) . Sometimes the term is used more generally to refer to all European polyphonic music of the 14th century, thereby including such figures as Francesco Landini, who was working in Italy. Occasionally the term "Italian ars nova" is used to denote the music of Landini and his compatriots (see Music of the Trecento for the concurrent musical movement in Italy). In ancient and medieval Latin the term ars nova does not mean "new art", but rather "new technique", and was first used in two contemporaneous manuscripts, titled Ars novae musicae (New Technique of Music) (c. 1320) by Johannes de Muris, and Ars nova notandi (A New Technique of Writing ) attributed to Philippe de Vitry (c. 1322). However, the term was only first used to describe an historical era by Johannes Wolf in 1904.

Ars nova is generally used in conjunction with another term, ars antiqua, which refers to the music of the immediately preceding age, usually extending back to take in the period of Notre Dame polyphony (therefore covering the period from about 1170 to 1320). Roughly, then, the ars antiqua is the music of the thirteenth century, and the ars nova the music of the fourteenth; many music histories use the terms in this more general sense.

Controversial in the Roman Catholic Church, the music was starkly rejected by Pope John XXII, but embraced by Pope Clement VI. The monophonic chant, already harmonized with simple organum, was becoming altered, fragmented, and hidden beneath secular tunes. The lyrics of love poems might be sung above sacred texts, or the sacred text might be placed within a familiar secular melody. It was not merely polyphony that offended the medieval ears, but the notion of secular music merging with the sacred and making its way into the liturgy.

Read more about Ars Nova:  Ars Nova Versus Ars Antiqua, Example, Discography

Other articles related to "ars nova, ars":

Ars Nova Singers
... Ars Nova Singers is an a cappella choral group based in Boulder, Colorado, USA ... Founded in 1986 by Artistic Director Thomas Edward Morgan, Ars Nova is composed of forty selectively auditioned all-volunteer singers from the greater ... Ars Nova has achieved significant national recognition, recording eight critically acclaimed solo recordings as well as performing on seven recordings ...
Ars Nova - Discography
... Philippe De Vitry and the Ars Nova—Motets ... Boston Camerata and Ensemble Project Ars Nova (Joel Cohen, dir.) ... Zodiac, Ars Nova and Ars Subtilior in the Low Countries and Europe, Capilla Flamenca, 2004 (Eufoda 1360) ...
Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova
... Aboa Vetus and Ars Nova is a museum in central Turku, Finland ... displays portions of the city dating back to medieval times, while Ars Nova is a museum of contemporary art ... Originally, plans were for only Ars Nova, the contemporary art museum, but during its construction a number of structures and artifacts dating back to the Middle Ages ...
Capilla Flamenca - Discography
... Ars nova, oral traditional music and more ... Ars Nova and Ars Subtilior in the Low Countries and Europe ... Les quatre saisons de l'Ars Nova ...

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