In keeping with its prevailing self-identity as a via media or "middle path" of Western Christianity, Anglican sacramental theology expresses elements in keeping with its status as a church in the Catholic tradition and a church of the Reformation. With respect to sacramental theology the Catholic tradition is perhaps most strongly asserted in the importance Anglicanism places on the sacraments as a means of grace, sanctification and forgiveness as expressed in the church's liturgy.
When the Thirty-Nine Articles were accepted as a norm for Anglican teaching, Anglicans recognised two sacraments – Baptism and the Eucharist – as having been ordained by Christ ("sacraments of the Gospel" ) as Article XXV of the Thirty-Nine Articles describes them) and as necessary for salvation. The status of the Articles today varies from Province to Province: Canon A5 of the Church of England defines them as a source for Anglican doctrine. Peter Toon names ten Provinces as having retained them. He goes to suggest that they have become "one strategic lens of a multi-lens telescope through which to view tradition and approach Scripture".
Five other acts are regarded variously as full sacraments by Anglo-Catholics or as "sacramental rites" by Evangelicals with varied opinions among broad church and liberal Anglicans. Article XXV states that these five "are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures; but yet have not like nature of Sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.")
According to the Thirty-Nine Articles, the seven are:
|"Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel"||"Commonly called Sacraments but not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel"|
|Baptism||Confession and absolution|
|Eucharist (or Communion, Mass, or the Lord's Supper)||Confirmation|
|Ordination (also called Holy Orders)|
|Anointing of the Sick (also called Healing or Unction.)|
A wider range of opinions about the 'effectiveness' of the sacraments is found among Anglicans than in the Roman Catholic Church: some hold to a more Catholic view maintaining that the sacraments function "as a result of the act performed" (ex opere operato); others emphasise strongly the need for worthy reception and faith".
Other articles related to "sacraments, sacrament, anglican sacraments, anglicans":
... Churches in the Catholic tradition administer seven sacraments or "sacred mysteries" Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist, Penance ... In Catholicism, a sacrament is considered to be an efficacious visible sign of God's invisible grace ... and to God's mystical interaction with creation, the word sacrament (Latin a solemn pledge), the usual term in the West, refers specifically to these rites ...
... no inward preparation of the heart (bonus motus) is necessary.´´ However, Anglicans generally do not accept that the sacraments are effective without ... It might be claimed that Anglicans hold to the principle of ex opere operato with respect to the efficacy of the sacraments vis-a-vis the presider and his or her ... Articles (entitled Of the unworthiness of ministers which hinders not the effect of the Sacrament) states that the "ministration of the Word and ...
Famous quotes containing the word anglican:
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—Desmond Tutu (b. 1931)