In the Prehistoric Egypt, bodies were buried in deserts because they would naturally be preserved by dehydration. The graves were small oval or rectangular pits dug in the sand. They could give the body of the deceased in a tight position on its left side alongside a few jars of food and drink and slate palettes with magical religious spells. The size of graves eventually increased but according to status and wealth. The dry, desert conditions were a benefit in ancient Egypt for burials of the poor, who could not afford the complex burial preparations that the wealthy had.
The simple graves evolved into mud brick structures called mastabas. Royal mastabas later developed into "step pyramids" and then "true pyramids." As soon as a king took the throne he would start to build his pyramid. Rituals of the burial, including the "Opening of the mouth ceremony" took place at the Valley Temple. While a pyramid's large size was made to protect against robbery, it may also be connected to a religious belief about the sun god, Ra.
Read more about this topic: Ancient Egyptian Mummies
Other articles related to "tombs, tomb":
... Han artists and craftsmen decorated the wall bricks lining underground tombs of the deceased with mural paintings and carved reliefs the purpose of this ... Human figurine sculptures found in Han tombs were placed there to perform various functions for the deceased in the afterlife, such as dancing and playing music for entertainment, as well as serving food ... A common type of ceramic figurine found in Han tombs is a female entertainer sporting long, flowing silk sleeves that are flung about while dancing ...
... Along the south wall are the remains of two 14th-century tombs of wealthy local merchants ... Near the east end is the Harrington tomb and nearer the parish clerk's office is the tomb of Richard Saltby ... The faces of angels above both tombs have mostly been cut in half, mutilation believed to have occurred during The Reformation or the English Civil War ...
... By the 1980s, over ten thousand brick-and-stone underground Han tombs had been discovered throughout China ... Earlier Chinese tombs dating to the Warring States were often vertically dug pits lined with wooden walls ... In digging the tomb sites, Han workers would first build vertical pits and then dig laterally, hence the name "horizontal pits" for Han tombs this method was also used for tomb ...
... a churchyard or cemetery Church monuments – within a church (or tomb-style chests in a churchyard) may be places of interment, but this is unusual ... part of a monument these may stand within religious buildings or greater tombs or mausolea Sepulchre – a cavernous rock-cut space for interment, generally in the ... Holy Sepulchre) Other forms of archaeological "tombs", such as ship burials As indicated, tombs are generally located in or under religious buildings, such as churches, or in cemeteries or churchyards ...
Famous quotes containing the word tombs:
“How old the world is! I walk between two eternities.... What is my fleeting existence in comparison with that decaying rock, that valley digging its channel ever deeper, that forest that is tottering and those great masses above my head about to fall? I see the marble of tombs crumbling into dust; and yet I dont want to die!”
—Denis Diderot (17131784)
“All that glistens is not gold,
Often have you heard that told;
Many a man his life hath sold
But my outside to behold.
Gilded tombs do worms infold.
Had you been as wise as bold,
Young in limbs, in judgment old,
Your answer had not been inscrolled.
Fare you well, your suit is cold.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“Justice was done, and the President of the Immortals, in Æschylean phrase, had ended his sport with Tess. And the dUrberville knights and dames slept on in their tombs unknowing. The two speechless gazers bent themselves down to the earth, as if in prayer, and remained thus a long time, absolutely motionless: the flag continued to wave silently. As soon as they had strength they arose, joined hands again, and went on.
—Thomas Hardy (18401928)