African elephants are the elephants of the genus Loxodonta (Greek for 'oblique-sided tooth'), consisting of two extant species: the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant. Loxodonta is one of the two existing genera in the family Elephantidae. Although it is commonly believed that the genus was named by Georges Cuvier in 1825, Cuvier spelled it "Loxodonte". An anonymous author romanized the spelling to "Loxodonta", and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) recognizes this as the proper authority.
Fossil members of Loxodonta have only been found in Africa, where they developed in the middle Pliocene.
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... The three extant elephant species—the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African forest elephant (L ... cyclotis) and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)—all belong to the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea ... Elephants and sirenians are further classifed in the clade Tethytheria ...
... ban in the trade in ivory in 1990 the African elephant population was more than halved from 1.3 million to around 600,000 ... There, the estimated elephant population was 400,000 as recently as 1970, but by 2006 the number had dwindled to about 10,000 ... The African elephant nominally has governmental protection, but poaching for the ivory trade can devastate populations ...
... The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is a very large herbivore having thick, almost hairless skin, a long, flexible, prehensile trunk, upper incisors forming ... There are two distinct species of African elephant African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) and the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) ... The elephants are difficult because despite their large size, they are able to hide in tall grass and are more likely to charge than the other species ...
Famous quotes containing the words elephant and/or african:
“The elephant sneezed
And fell on his knees,
And that was the end of the monk,
the monk, the monk.”
—Unknown. Animal Fair. . .
New Treasury of Childrens Poetry, A; Old Favorites and New Discoveries. Joanna Cole, comp. (1984)
“The treatment of African and African American culture in our education was no different from their treatment in Tarzan movies.”
—Ishmael Reed (b. 1938)