African American Vernacular English (AAVE)—recently called African American Language (AAL) also called African American English; less precisely Black English, Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), or Black Vernacular English (BVE)—is an African American variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of American English. Non-linguists sometimes call it Ebonics (a term that also has other meanings and strong connotations).
Its pronunciation is, in some respects, common to Southern American English, which is spoken by many African Americans and many non-African Americans in the United States. Several creolists, including William Stewart, John Dillard, and John Rickford, argue that AAVE shares so many characteristics with creole dialects spoken by black people in much of the world that AAVE itself is a creole, while others maintain that there are no significant parallels.
As with all linguistic forms, its usage is influenced by age, status, topic and setting. There are many literary uses of this variety of English, particularly in African-American literature.
Other articles related to "african american vernacular english, english, african americans, americans, american, african american, vernacular english, africans, african":
... African American Vernacular English (AAVE), also known as Ebonics, is a variety of English spoken by many African Americans, in both rural and urban areas ... Not all African Americans speak AAVE and many European Americans do ... Indeed, it is generally accepted that Southern American English is part of the same continuum as AAVE ...
... The American Prisoner is a novel written by Eden Phillpotts, published in America in 1904 and adapted into a film in 1929 ... The story concerns an English woman who lives at Fox Tor farm, and an American captured during the American Revolutionary War and held at the prison at Princetown on Dartmoor ...
... of controversy about the education of African American youths, the role AAVE should play in public schools and education, and its place in broader society ... Some of the harshest criticism of AAVE or its use has come from other African Americans ... A conspicuous example was the "Pound Cake speech", in which Bill Cosby criticized many African Americans for various social behaviors, including exclusive use of AAVE ...
... In 1996, Ogbu played a prominent role in the debate about the utility of African American Vernacular English ... As a member of a task force on African American education in Oakland, California he noted that linguists (e.g ... between the "standard" or "proper" English required in the classroom and black vernacular English spoken at home and with peers ...
... This type of Southern American English originated in the Southern States where Africans were at that time held as slaves ... These slaves originally spoke indigenous African languages but eventually picked up English to communicate with their masters and one another ... Since the slave masters spoke Southern American English, that is the dialect of English the slaves learned ...
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“He that bulls the cow must keep the calf.”
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