On 9 March 1916, the Mexican rebel General Francisco "Pancho" Villa ordered nearly 500 Mexican revolutionaries to make a cross-border attack into the United States at New Mexico. The raid was in response to Woodrow Wilson's recognition and support of the Carranza regime. Commander of the Army 8th Brigade, John J. Pershing led a failed Punitive Expedition to kill or capture Pancho Villa. However, Villa would not be caught and by 1919 had assembled a sizeable force and had initiated several battles against Mexican military troops in an attempt to rally the Mexican people against President Carranza. On the morning of 15 June 1919, Villa's forces attacked Mexican military troops at Fort Hidalgo.
At 0136 Hours on 15 June 1919, the 82nd Field Artillery Regiment (minus Service Company) left Fort Bliss and headed toward El Paso to occupy pre-planned firing positions. When the battle was over, the regiment was recognized with the Distinctive Unit Insignia depicting a black artillery shell and the wavy white background symoblizing the first shot across the Rio Grande by "A" Battery, 1st Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery. The motto "Can and Will" was also given to reflect their spirit steeped in traditions of men doing what needs to be done regardless of the obstacles to be overcome.
On 9 September 1921 the 82nd Field Artillery was composed of "A", "B" and "C" Batteries and was designated the 82nd Field Artillery (Horse) Battalion and was assigned to the newly activated 1st Cavalry Division. The Battalion was the only Horse Artillery in the United States Army at the time and the designation meant that all unit members rode mounted horses instead of riding on gun carriages.
On 17 March 1930 the 82nd Field Artillery Regiment was reactivated and the 82nd Field Artillery Battalion (Horse) was reorganized as the 1st Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery, but lost its designation as (Horse). Parallel to this, the 84th Field Artillery was redesignated as the 2nd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery and inactivated. Assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division was also delayed until 1 December 1934.
Read more about this topic: 82nd Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
Other articles related to "border war, war, border":
... of 1922, when conditions of a low-intensity war existed along the border between The Irish Free State and Northern Ireland ... job of counter-insurgency in this, undeclared border war fell to the Special Constabulary while the RIC/RUC dealt with civil disturbances ... Forty nine Special Constables were killed during the period of the "Border War" – out of a total of eighty one British forces killed in Northern Ireland ...
... As a result of the new potential for slavery in Kansas, pro-slavery activists infiltrated Kansas Territory from the neighboring slave state of Missouri ... To abolitionists and other Free-Staters, who desired Kansas to be admitted to the Union as a free state, they were collectively known as Border Ruffians ...
... Border War (Kansas vs Missouri), officially known as the "Border Showdown" after 9/11, the sports rivalry between the University of Kansas and the University of Missouri Border War (Colorado ...
... Finish Conflict Combatants Fatalities 1948 ... Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Pakistan – India ~3,000 1950 Present (CF signed in 1953) Korean War South Korea - North Korea 419. 010+ 1962 ... Sino-Indian War PRC. 1985 ... Agacher Strip War Burkina Faso – Mali 1987 ... Sino-Indian skirmish India – People's Republic of China Unknown 1988 ... Thai–Laotian Border ...
... Border War The Battle Over Illegal Immigration is a 2006 documentary film, written, produced and directed by Kevin Knoblock ... stories of five people whose lives have been affected by illegal immigration along the U.S.-Mexico border ... Border Patrol agent Jose Maheda, illegal immigrant sympathizer Enrique Morones, and Lupe Moreno, a female Hispanic member of the Minuteman Project ...
Famous quotes containing the words war and/or border:
“We have always said that in our war with the Arabs we had a secret weaponno alternative.”
—Golda Meir (18981978)
“I have, indeed, even omitted facts, which, on account of their singularity, must in the eyes of some have appeared to border on the marvelous. But in the forests of South America such extraordinary realities are to be found, that there is assuredly no need to have recourse to fiction or the least exaggeration.”
—J.G. (John Gabriel)