Xylose

Xylose (cf. Greek ξυλος, xylos, "wood") is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it. Xylose is classified as a monosaccharide of the aldopentose type, which means that it contains five carbon atoms and includes a formyl functional group. It is the precursor to hemicellulose, one of the main constituents of biomass. Like most sugars, it can adopt several structures depending on conditions. With its free carbonyl group, it is a reducing sugar.

Read more about XyloseStructure, Occurrence, Use

Other articles related to "xylose":

L-xylose 1-dehydrogenase
... In enzymology, a L-xylose 1-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.113) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-xylose + NADP+ L-xylono-1,4-lactone + NADPH + H+ Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L ... Other names in common use include L-xylose dehydrogenase, and NADPH-xylose reductase ...
Xylose - Use
... furfural, a specialty solvent in industry and a precursor to synthetic polymers.Xylose is not metabolised by humans ... In animal medicine, xylose is used to test for malabsorption by administration in water to the patient after fasting ... If xylose is detected in blood and/or urine within the next few hours, it has been absorbed by the intestines ...
UDP-glucuronate Decarboxylase
... is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-D-glucuronate UDP-D-xylose + CO2 Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, UDP-D-glucuronate, and two products, UDP-D-xylose ... of this enzyme class is UDP-D-glucuronate carboxy-lyase (UDP-D-xylose-forming) ...
UTP-xylose-1-phosphate Uridylyltransferase
... In enzymology, an UTP-xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UTP + alpha-D-xylose 1-phosphate ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UTPalpha-D-xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase ... Other names in common use include xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase, uridylyltransferase, xylose 1-phosphate, UDP-xylose pyrophosphorylase ...
Protein Xylosyltransferase
... residue is transferred from UDP-D-xylose to the sidechain oxygen atom of a serine residue in a protein ... core protein beta-D-xylosyltransferase, UDP-xylose-core protein beta-D-xylosyltransferase, uridine diphosphoxylose-core protein beta-xylosyltransferase ...