Woodland Period

The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures was from roughly 1000 BCE to 1000 CE in the eastern part of North America. The term "Woodland Period" was introduced in the 1930s as a generic header for prehistoric sites falling between the Archaic hunter-gatherers and the agriculturalist Mississippian cultures. The Eastern Woodlands cultural region covers what is now eastern Canada south of the Subarctic region, the eastern United States, along to the Gulf of Mexico.

This period is considered a developmental stage without any massive changes in a short time but instead having a continuous development in stone and bone tools, leather crafting, textile manufacture, cultivation, and shelter construction. Many Woodland peoples used spears and atlatls until the end of the period, when they were replaced by bows and arrows; however, Southeastern Woodland peoples also used blowguns.

The major technological advancement during this period was the widespread use of pottery (which had begun in the late Archaic period) and the increasing sophistication of its forms and decoration. The increasing use of agriculture and the development of the Eastern Agricultural Complex also meant that the nomadic nature of many of the groups was supplanted by permanently occupied villages, although intensive agriculture did not really begin until the succeeding Mississippian period.

Read more about Woodland Period:  Early Woodland Period (1000–1 BCE), Middle Woodland Period (1–500 CE), Late Woodland Period (500–1000 CE)

Other articles related to "woodland period, period, woodland, woodlands, periods":

Late Woodland Period (500–1000 CE)
... The late Woodland period was a time of apparent population dispersal, although populations do not appear to have decreased ... agriculture did not begin until the following Mississippian period, the beginning of serious cultivation greatly supplemented the gathering of plants ... Late Woodland settlements became more numerous, but the size of each one (with exceptions) was smaller than their middle Woodland counterparts ...
Prehistory Of West Virginia - Woodland Period - Adena Mounds
... Adena mounds in West Virginia include Camden Park Mound, Cabell County Criel Mound, Kanawha County, 250–150 BCE Cresap Mound (46MR7), Marshall County, 1735 BCE Cotiga Mound (46MO1), on the Tug Fork of the Big Sandy River, Mingo County, 1400 BCE Grave Creek Mound, Moundsville, 250-150 BCE St ... Albans Site (46KA27), Kanawha County Turkey Creek Mound (46PU2), Putnam County Goff Mound, Harrison County Lynden Reynolds Farm Mound, Pleasants County St Mary's Mound The Grave Creek Mound in Moundsville is the largest mound in the state and was once surrounded by a moat ...
Visual Arts By Indigenous Peoples Of The Americas - North America - Eastern Woodlands - Northeastern Woodlands
... The Eastern Woodlands, or simply woodlands, cultures inhabited the regions of North America east of the Mississippi River at least since 2500 BCE ... The Woodland Period (1000 BCE–1000 CE) is divided into early, middle, and late periods, and consisted of cultures that relied mostly on hunting and gathering for their subsistence ... culture are another well-known example of an early Woodland culture ...
Stoner Site - Conclusions
... the inhabitants to be identified as members of the Middle Woodland period Allison-Lamotte culture, which was first defined in 1963, and which flourished from around the birth of Christ until ... Unlike many of the mounds built by other peoples of the Woodland period, Allison-Lamotte mounds were sometimes built for non-mortuary purposes the owners' inability to find grave ... prominent Riverton culture of the earlier Archaic period was also present, but their artifacts are few and insignificant compared to those of the Allison-Lamotte period ...
Mialoquo (Cherokee Town) - Archaeological Findings - Rose Island
... Rose Island also saw a period of significant occupation from approximately 350 BC through 100 AD, during the Woodland period ... Archaic period artifacts found on Rose Island include notched and stemmed projectile points, splintered wedges, various ground stone artifacts, and a drill ... Woodland period artifacts include projectile points, drills, scrapers, axes, gorgets, and a bird effigy ...

Famous quotes containing the words period and/or woodland:

    Remember how often you have postponed minding your interest, and let slip those opportunities the gods have given you. It is now high time to consider what sort of world you are part of, and from what kind of governor of it you are descended; that you have a set period assigned you to act in, and unless you improve it to brighten and compose your thoughts, it will quickly run off with you, and be lost beyond recovery.
    Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (121–180)

    I already, and for weeks afterward, felt my nature the coarser for this part of my woodland experience, and was reminded that our life should be lived as tenderly and daintily as one would pluck a flower.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)