What is Shem?

  • (noun): (Old Testament) eldest son of Noah.

Shem

Shem (Hebrew: שֵם, Shem Šēm ; Greek: Σημ Sēm; Arabic: سام Sām; Ge'ez: ሴም, Sēm; "renown; prosperity; name") was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature. He is most popularly regarded as the eldest son, though some traditions regard him as the second son. Genesis 10:21 refers to relative ages of Shem and his brother Japheth, but with sufficient ambiguity to have yielded different translations. The verse is translated in the KJV as "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.". However, the New American Standard Bible gives, "Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born."

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Some articles on Shem:

Shem Downey
... Shem Downey (born 5 January 1922 in Tullaroan, County Kilkenny) was an Irish sportsperson ... Over 25 years, Shem's daughters, Angela and Ann won 12 All-Ireland camogie medals each and 13 club titles between them ...
Aram, Son Of Shem
... Aram is a son of Shem, according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 of the Hebrew Bible, and the father of Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash ... Book of Chronicles confirms Aram as one of Shem's sons, confirming Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash, as also on the list of Shem's descendants ... Aram son of Shem is recognized as a prophet in Mandaeism and as an Islamic prophet ...
Practical Kabbalah - History - Early Modern Baalei Shem and Other Developments
... The traditional role of the Baal Shem healer involved accepted methods between borderline practical Kabbalah and meditative Kabbalah, such as amulets and psychic abilities ... figures from early-modern times were Elijah Ba'al Shem of Chelm (1550–1583) and the Baal Shem of London (1708–1782) ... Yisrael Baal Shem Tov began his activity as a traditional Baal Shem, before founding Hasidism ...
Shem - Racial Connotations
... as dividing the earth among Noah‘s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japhet, and attributing different skin colors to them (literally, —blessing“ them with. 686-8) as saying "Born to Noah were Shem, whose descendants' colors are a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone (bayādh) and a dark blackish brown (Udmah) Ham, whose ... the Land of the Blacks (sūdān), Shem the Land of the Browns (sumra), and Japheth the Land of the Reds (łuqra) ...
Shem-Tob Ben Isaac Of Tortosa - Translations
... Shem-Ṭob's first work was his Hebrew translation, under the title of Bi'ur Sefer ha-Nefesh, of Averroes' middle commentary on Aristotle's De Anima ... The translation is not literal and in this Shem-Ṭob departed from the method of the earlier translators ... As to the various names of diseases and medicaments, Shem-Ṭob employs all that he could find in the Bible and in Talmudic literature ...