What is potato?

  • (noun): Annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous.
    Synonyms: white potato, white potato vine, Solanum tuberosum
    See also — Additional definitions below


The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae family (also known as the nightshades). The word may refer to the plant itself as well as the edible tuber. In the region of the Andes, there are some other closely related cultivated potato species. Potatoes were introduced outside the Andes region four centuries ago, and have become an integral part of much of the world's cuisine. It is the world's fourth-largest food crop, following rice, wheat and maize. Long-term storage of potatoes requires specialised care in cold warehouses.

Read more about Potato.

Some articles on potato:

Solanum Rostratum
... the ancestral host plant of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, but this pest adopted the potato, Solanum tuberosum as a new (and ... It then expanded its range rapidly eastward on potato crops in the next two decades ...
Sheldon Farms
... for its heirloom vegetables including the Green Mountain potato, Ozette Potato, Radiator Charlie's Mortgage Lifter tomato, and Aunt Molly's Husk tomato (aka Ground Cherry) ... They also produce the hybrid potato varieties Adirondack Red potato, Adirondack Blue potato developed by Cornell University ...
Potato - Art
... The potato has been an essential crop in the Andes since the pre-Columbian Era ... During the late 19th century, numerous images of potato harvesting appeared in European art, including the works of Willem Witsen and Anton Mauve ... Van Gogh's 1885 painting "The Potato Eaters" portrays a family eating potatoes ...
Chronology Of The Great Famine
... The proximate cause was famine resulting from a potato disease commonly known as late blight ... Although blight ravaged potato crops throughout Europe during the 1840s, the impact and human cost in Ireland – where a third of the population was entirely ...
Somatic Fusion
... between non-flowering potato plants and flowering potato plants) or between two different species (e.g ... Uses of somatic fusion include making potato plants resistant to potato leaf roll disease ... Through somatic fusion, the crop potato plant Solanum tuberosum – the yield of which is severely reduced by a viral disease transmitted on by the aphid vector – is fused with ...

More definitions of "potato":

Famous quotes containing the word potato:

    The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
    Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
    Through living roots awaken in my head.
    But I’ve no spade to follow men like them.
    Seamus Heaney (b. 1939)