What is permanent?

  • (adj): Continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place.
    Example: "Permanent secretary to the president"; "permanent address"; "literature of permanent value"
    Synonyms: lasting
    See also — Additional definitions below


The permanent of a square matrix in linear algebra is a function of the matrix similar to the determinant. The permanent, as well as the determinant, is a polynomial in the entries of the matrix. Both permanent and determinant are special cases of a more general function of a matrix called the immanant.

Read more about Permanent.

Some articles on permanent:

Permanent - Computation
... The permanent is believed to be more difficult to compute than the determinant ... cannot be used to compute the permanent ... Moreover, computing the permanent of a 0-1 matrix (matrix whose entries are 0 or 1) is #P-complete ...
Francisco José Urrutia Olano
... governments of Bolivia, Spain, Switzerland, and Permanent Representative to the League of Nations Assembly, holding the Presidency of the Executive Council in ... In 1931 he was elected to serve as Permanent Judge on the Permanent Court of International Justice at The Hague, where he served until 1942 when he resigned due to theonset of World War II ...

More definitions of "permanent":

  • (noun): A series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals.
    Synonyms: permanent wave, perm
  • (adj): Not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition.
    Example: "Permanent brain damage"

Famous quotes containing the word permanent:

    The Troubles are a pigmentation in our lives here, a constant irritation that detracts from real life. But life has to do with something else as well, and it’s the other things which are the more permanent and real.
    Brian Friel (b. 1929)

    Universal suffrage should rest upon universal education. To this end, liberal and permanent provision should be made for the support of free schools by the State governments, and, if need be, supplemented by legitimate aid from national authority.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)

    As to the permanent interest of individuals in the aggregated interests of the community, and in the proverbial maxim, that honesty is the best policy, present temptation is often found to be an overmatch for those considerations.
    James Madison (1751–1836)