What is natural philosophy?

Natural Philosophy

Natural philosophy or the philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science. It is considered to be the precursor of natural sciences such as physics.

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Some articles on natural philosophy:

Current Work in Natural Philosophy
... positivist approach that relies implicitly on a hidden, unexamined philosophy ... adopting this open approach to the natural world ...
Cosmology In Medieval Islam - Cosmology in The Medieval Islamic World - Astronomical Physics and Earth's Motion
... eventually accepted that the Earth was stationary on the basis of Aristotelian cosmology and natural philosophy ... By the 15th century, the influence of Aristotelian physics and natural philosophy was declining due to religious opposition from Islamic theologians such as Al-Ghazali who opposed to the ... Qushji, in his Concerning the Supposed Dependence of Astronomy upon Philosophy, rejected Aristotelian physics and completely separated natural philosophy from astronomy, allowing astronomy to become a purely ...
Thomas Jefferson And Education - Views On Structuring Content
... French, Spanish, and Italian Mathematics, Natural philosophy, Natural history, Civil history, and Ethics ... In Natural philosophy, I mean to include Chemistry and Agriculture, and in Natural history, to include Botany, as well as the other branches of those departments."—Thomas Jefferson to J ... its handmaids the most respectable sciences, such as Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Mechanics, Mathematics generally, Natural History, Botany ...
Pythagoreanism - Natural Philosophy
... Pythagoras wrote nothing down, and relying on the writings of Parmenides, Empedocles, Philolaus and Plato (people either considered Pythagoreans, or whose works are thought deeply indebted to Pythagoreanism) results in a very diverse picture in which it is difficult to ascertain what the common unifying Pythagorean themes were ... Relying on Philolaus, whom most scholars agree is highly representative of the Pythagorean school, one has a very intricate picture ...
Science In The Age Of Enlightenment - Universities
... The study of science under the heading of natural philosophy was divided into physics and a conglomerate grouping of chemistry and natural history, which included anatomy, biology, geology, mineralogy, and ... Most European universities taught a Cartesian form of mechanical philosophy in the early 18th century, and only slowly adopted Newtonianism in the mid-18th ... focused almost entirely on Aristotelian natural philosophy until the mid-18th century they were among the last universities to do so ...

Famous quotes containing the words philosophy and/or natural:

    A life-worshipper’s philosophy is comprehensive.... He is at one moment a positivist and at another a mystic: now haunted by the thought of death ... and now a Dionysian child of nature; now a pessimist and now, with a change of lover or liver or even the weather, an exuberant believer that God’s in his heaven and all’s right with the world.
    Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)

    All is changed. All looks strange to me and gives me a feeling which I would rather get away from, although I know it to be the carrying out of natural laws. And I am not complaining. I am doing the same as many old people have done, I suppose, who have led an active life and suddenly find themselves living without a purpose. Oh, my heart is so full. I could write a big book on the subject of going out of this world gracefully.
    Maria D. Brown (1827–1927)