What is Marxism?

  • (noun): The economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will untimately be superseded by communism.


Marxism is an economic and sociopolitical worldview and method of socioeconomic inquiry based upon a materialist interpretation of historical development, a dialectical view of social change, and an analysis of class-relations within society and their application in the analysis and critique of the development of capitalism. In the mid-to-late 19th century, the intellectual development of Marxism was pioneered by two German philosophers, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxist analyses and methodologies have influenced multiple political ideologies and social movements throughout history. Marxism encompasses an economic theory, a sociological theory, a philosophical method and a revolutionary view of social change. There is no one definitive Marxist theory; Marxist analysis has been applied to a variety of different subjects and has been modified during the course of its development so that there are multiple Marxist theories.

Read more about Marxism.

Some articles on Marxism:

Marxistic - Political Marxism
... been internally divided, between proponents of orthodox Marxism and proponents of revisionist Marxism, and between the respective revolutionary and reformist branches ... death in 1883, various groups around the world have appealed to Marxism as the theoretical basis for their politics and policies, which have often proved to be ... in the 20th century who at least nominally adhered to Marxism Albania, Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Republic of Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia ...
... Archeio-Marxism (Greek αρχειομαρξισμός) was a radical left political movement that was active in interwar Greece ... They were named after the "Archive of Marxism" (Greek Αρχείο Μαρξισμού) magazine, that was published in 1921 ...
Marxism And Freedom: From 1776 Until Today
... Marxism and Freedom from 1776 Until Today is a 1958 book by the philosopher and activist Raya Dunayevskaya, the first volume of her 'Trilogy of Revolution' ... A central theme of Marxism and Freedom is Dunayevskaya's assertion that the "movement from practice is itself a form of theory" ... The book aimed to "establish the theory of Marxism on native grounds" ...
Marci Shore
... She specializes in the history of literary and political engagement with Marxism and phenomenology ... of Caviar and Ashes A Warsaw Generation's Life and Death in Marxism, 1918-1968, a milieu biography of Polish and Polish-Jewish writers drawn to Marxism ...
Marxism - Criticisms
... Criticisms of Marxism have come from various political ideologies ... Economists such as Friedrich Hayek have criticized Marxism for allocating resources inefficiently ... Some contemporary supporters of Marxism argue that many aspects of Marxist thought are viable, but that the corpus is incomplete or outdated in regards to certain aspects of economic ...

Famous quotes containing the word marxism:

    Poetry is either something that lives like fire inside you—like music to the musician or Marxism to the Communist—or else it is nothing, an empty formalized bore around which pedants can endlessly drone their notes and explanations.
    F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940)

    There’s something about Marxism that brings out warts—the only kind of growth this economic system encourages.
    —P.J. (Patrick Jake)