What is fraud?

  • (noun): Intentional deception resulting in injury to another person.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Tort law
Part of the common law series
Intentional torts
  • Assault
  • Battery
  • False imprisonment
  • Intentional infliction of
    emotional distress (IIED)
  • Transferred intent
Property torts
  • Trespass
    • land
    • chattels
  • Conversion
  • Detinue
  • Replevin
  • Trover
  • Assumption of risk
  • Comparative negligence
  • Contributory negligence
  • Consent
  • Necessity
  • Statute of limitations
  • Self-defense
  • Defense of others
  • Defense of property
  • Shopkeeper's privilege
  • Duty of care
  • Standard of care
  • Proximate cause
  • Res ipsa loquitur
  • Calculus of negligence
  • Rescue doctrine
  • Duty to rescue
Specific types Negligent infliction of
emotional distress (NIED)
  • Employment-related
  • Entrustment
  • Malpractice
    • legal
    • medical
Liability torts
  • Product liability
  • Quasi-tort
  • Ultrahazardous activity
  • Public nuisance
  • Rylands v. Fletcher
Dignitary torts
  • Defamation
  • Invasion of privacy
  • False light
  • Breach of confidence
  • Abuse of process
  • Malicious prosecution
  • Alienation of affections
  • Seduction
Economic torts
  • Fraud
  • Tortious interference
  • Conspiracy
  • Restraint of trade
Liability, remedies
  • Last clear chance
  • Eggshell skull
  • Vicarious liability
  • Volenti non fit injuria
  • Ex turpi causa non oritur actio
  • Neutral reportage
  • Damages
  • Injunction
  • Torts and conflict of laws
  • Joint and several liability
  • Comparative responsibility
  • Market share liability
Duty to visitors
  • Trespassers
  • Licensees
  • Invitees
  • Attractive nuisance
Other common law areas
  • Contracts
  • Criminal law
  • Evidence
  • Property
  • Wills, trusts and estates
  • Law

In criminal law, a fraud is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual; the related adjective is fraudulent. The specific legal definition varies by legal jurisdiction. Fraud is a crime, and also a civil law violation. Defrauding people or entities of money or valuables is a common purpose of fraud.

Read more about Fraud.

Some articles on fraud:

Bob Hope (Emmerdale) - Fraud - Life Without Viv
... Bob tries to focus on his business and the children, but is shocked when he realizes that Brenda has feelings for him ... Because he still loves Viv, Bob fixed her up with Terry but panics when Viv asks him to visit in July 2009, assuming that she wants a divorce and has a drunken one night stand with Brenda's daughter, Gennie ...
Fraud - Related
... Apart from fraud, there are several related categories of intentional deceptions that may or may not include the elements of personal gain or damage to another individual ...
Bet Tzedek Legal Services – The House Of Justice - Services and Programs - Consumer Fraud
... Bet Tzedek's Consumer Protection Unit litigates consumer fraud cases in a variety of areas, including home equity fraud, telemarketing, automobile financing, and health care marketing, and door-to-door sales ... Angeles County to help residents recognize and avoid fraud ...
Teodoro Bronzini - The 'patriotic Fraud' Period
... the popular vote was actually outmaneuvered in several provinces by electoral fraud, specially in Buenos Aires, where the fraud reached scandalous levels ... during the first municipal election of the 30s, and despite the blatant fraud, there was socialist representation in the Deliberative Council, integrated ... During that time, known in Argentina as the década infame, electoral fraud and gerrymandering prevented Socialism to gain seats in the local Council and elsewhere ...
Mortgage Fraud - Other Background
... Mortgage fraud may be perpetrated by one or more participants in a loan transaction, including the borrower a loan officer who originates the mortgage a real estate agent ... and unreputable stakeholders may encourage and assist borrowers in committing fraud because most participants are typically compensated only when a transaction closes ... During 2003 The Money Programme of the BBC in the UK uncovered systemic mortgage fraud throughout HBOS ...

More definitions of "fraud":

Famous quotes containing the word fraud:

    The disfranchisement of a single legal elector by fraud or intimidation is a crime too grave to be regarded lightly.
    Benjamin Harrison (1833–1901)

    There exists in a great part of the Northern people a gloomy diffidence in the moral character of the government. On the broaching of this question, as general expression of despondency, of disbelief that any good will accrue from a remonstrance on an act of fraud and robbery, appeared in those men to whom we naturally turn for aid and counsel. Will the American government steal? Will it lie? Will it kill?—We ask triumphantly.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    He saw, he wish’d, and to the prize aspir’d.
    Resolv’d to win, he meditates the way,
    By force to ravish, or by fraud betray;
    For when success a lover’s toil attends,
    Few ask, if fraud or force attain’d his ends.
    Alexander Pope (1688–1744)