What is erucic acid?

Erucic Acid

Erucic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid, denoted 22:1ω9. It has the formula CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)11COOH. It is prevalent in wallflower seed, makes up 4.1% of rapeseed oil, and makes up 42% of mustard oil. Erucic acid is also known as cis-13-docosenoic acid and the trans isomer is known as brassidic acid.

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Some articles on erucic acid:

Omega-9 Fatty Acid - Background
... Two n−9 fatty acids important in industry are Oleic acid (181, n−9), which is a main component of olive oil and other monounsaturated fats Erucic acid (221, n−9), which is found in ... Rapeseed with high erucic acid content is grown for commercial use in paintings and coatings as a drying oil ... cases genetically modified, to contain very little erucic acid ...
Oil Seed Rape - Health Effects
... but historically was used in limited quantities due to high levels of erucic acid, which is damaging to cardiac muscle, and glucosinolates, which made it less nutritious in animal feed ... rapeseed oil can contain up to 45% erucic acid ... Food-grade canola oil derived from rapeseed cultivars, also known as rapeseed 00 oil, low erucic acid rapeseed oil, LEAR oil, and rapeseed canola-equivalent oil, has been generally ...
Low Erucic Acid Rapeseed
... the traditional methods of plant breeding resulted in one of the dominant erucic acid genes also getting stripped out of the genome in the process, thus greatly ... from studies on rats that they show signs of lipidosis when fed high quantities of erucic acid ... Food grade rapeseed oil (also known as canola oil, rapeseed 00 oil, low erucic acid rapeseed oil, LEAR oil, and rapeseed canola-equivalent oil) is regulated to a maximum of 2% erucic acid by weight in ...
Oil Seed Rape - Cultivation and Uses
... effect that the oil contains much less erucic acid ... Natural rapeseed oil contains 50% erucic acid ... L-A." (Canadian Oilseed, Low-Acid) that was used by the Manitoba government to label the seed during its experimental stages, is widely used to refer to rapeseed, and is now a tradename for "doub ...
Crambe Oil
... The oil has been shown to consist of 55-60% erucic acid ... Service writes Intermediate product derived form high erucic acid oil include triglycerides erucamides amines, behenic acid erucyl alcohol behenyl alcohol wax esters fatty acids brassylic acid and pelargonic acid ... Erucic acid is traditionally derived from older varieties of rapeseed ...