What is communism?

  • (noun): A political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Communism (from Latin communis - common, universal) is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order. This movement, in its Marxist–Leninist interpretations, significantly influenced the history of the 20th century, which saw intense rivalry between the "socialist world" (socialist states ruled by communist parties) and the "western world" (countries with capitalist economies).

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Some articles on communism:

Communism - Criticism
... Some people have criticised socialism and by extension communism, stating that the two systems have distorted or absent price signals, slow or stagnant technological advance, reduced incentives, and reduced prosperity ... However, such state regimes do not fit the definition of communism as a stateless and international workers' democracy, as repeatedly advocated by Marx and Engels, and ... as the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism and the Declaration on Crimes of Communism have condemned some of the actions that resulted in these deaths ...
Social Structure Of Romania - Post-communism (1990–present)
... The difference between communism in theory and communism in practice was especially pronounced in Romania, whose anemic economy was beset by inefficiency ...
Communism In 20 Years
... Communism in 20 years was a slogan put forth by Nikita Khrushchev at the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1961 ... In his speech, Khrushchev promised that communism will be built "in the main" by 1980 ... phrase "The current generation of Soviet people will live under communism" was the final phrase of the new Program of the CPSU adopted at the congress ...
Secular Religion - Communism and Nazism
... In 1936 a Protestant priest referred explicitly to Communism as a new secular religion ... the war, the social philosopher Raymond Aron would expand on the exploration of communism in terms of a secular religion while A ...
Marxism And Religion - Religious Criticism of Communism
... Because of communism's atheism, some have accused communism of persecuting religion ... In addition, another criticism is that communism is, in itself, a religion ...

More definitions of "communism":

  • (noun): A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership.

Famous quotes containing the word communism:

    Let’s not talk about Communism. Communism was just an idea, just pie in the sky.
    Boris Yeltsin (b. 1931)

    Today’s Communism can survive only if it abandons the myth of an infallible party, if it continues to think, and if it becomes democratic.
    Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921–1990)

    You’ll see certain Pythagoreans whose belief in communism of property goes to such lengths that they pick up anything lying about unguarded, and make off with it without a qualm of conscience as if it had come to them by law.
    Desiderius Erasmus (c. 1466–1536)