What is cathedral?

  • (noun): Any large and important church.
    See also — Additional definitions below


A cathedral (French cathédrale from Lat. cathedra, "seat" from the Greek kathedra (καθέδρα), seat, bench, from kata "down" + hedra seat, base, chair) is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate. Although the word "cathedral" is sometimes loosely applied, churches with the function of "cathedral" occur specifically and only in those denominations with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox, and some Lutheran and Methodist churches. In the Greek Orthodox Church, the terms kathedrikos naos (literally: "cathedral shrine") is sometimes used for the church at which an archbishop or "metropolitan" presides. The term "metropolis" (literally "mother city") is used more commonly than "diocese" to signify an area of governance within the church.

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Some articles on cathedral:

Beauvais - Sights - Cathedral
... The city's cathedral, dedicated to Saint Peter (Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Beauvais), in some respects the most daring achievement of Gothic architecture ... The cathedral underwent a major repair and restoration process in 2008 ... destined for the nave much of its east end was demolished to make room for the new cathedral ...
Lists Of Cathedrals
... This is a list of cathedrals by country, including both actual cathedrals (seats of bishops in episcopal denominations, such as Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Orthodoxy) and a few prominent churches from non ... As of 2011, the Catholic Church had 3,068 churches of cathedral and co-cathedral status around the world, predominantly in countries with a significant Roman Catholic population ...
Turin Cathedral - History - Lombard Church
... The new cathedral, again entitled to St ... A project for an enlargement of the cathedral, in order to create a more luxurious seat for the Shroud, was launched in 1649, when Bernardino Quadri arrived in Turin from Rome at the court of ... The cathedral is the burial place of Blessed Pier Giorgio Frassati (1901–1925), Turin native, avid athlete, and benefactor of the poor, called the "saint for youth of the Third Millennium." He was beatified by ...
Cathedral Buildings - Artworks, Treasures and Tourism
... Many cathedral buildings are very famous for their architecture and have local and national significance, both artistically and historically ... Many cathedrals, because of their large size and the fact that they often have towers, spires or domes, have until the 20th century, been the major landmarks in cities or in views across the ... building, civil action has been taken in some cases, such as the Cologne Cathedral to prevent the vista of the cathedral from being spoiled ...
List Of Basilicas - Basilicas in Africa
... Basilica of St Therese of the Child Jesus 1972 Egypt Cairo Cathedral of Our Lady of Fatima 1993 Ghana Kumasi St Peter's Cathedral Basilica 2004 Ghana ...

More definitions of "cathedral":

  • (adj): Relating to or containing or issuing from a bishop's office or throne.
    Example: "A cathedral church"
  • (noun): The principal Christian church building of a bishop's diocese.

Famous quotes containing the word cathedral:

    Now, honestly: if a large group of ... demonstrators blocked the entrances to St. Patrick’s Cathedral every Sunday for years, making it impossible for worshipers to get inside the church without someone escorting them through screaming crowds, wouldn’t some judge rule that those protesters could keep protesting, but behind police lines and out of the doorways?
    Anna Quindlen (b. 1953)

    ... the first cathedral you see remains with you forever as the cathedral of the world.
    M. E. W. Sherwood (1826–1903)

    The charm, one might say the genius of memory, is that it is choosy, chancy, and temperamental: it rejects the edifying cathedral and indelibly photographs the small boy outside, chewing a hunk of melon in the dust.
    Elizabeth Bowen (1899–1973)