What is archaeology?

  • (noun): The branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures.
    Synonyms: archeology


Archaeology, or archeology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaios, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logia, "-logy"), is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record). Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline.

Read more about Archaeology.

Some articles on archaeology:

Shorne - Other Old Buildings With Character Include - Archaeology
... Randall Manor Dig - This is a 14th-century Manor currently (2012) being excavated in Shorne Wood Country Park. ...
Ahmad Hasan Dani - Biography - Early Life
... In 1945, he started working as a trainee in archaeology under the guidance of Mortimer Wheeler ... He was subsequently posted at the Department of Archaeology of British India at Taj Mahal, Agra ... He received his PhD from Institute of Archaeology, University College London ...
George Cowgill
... contributions in a number of areas, including the archaeology of Mesoamerica, the comparative study of early states and cities, and quantitative methods in archaeology ... Cowgill was selected as the 1992 Distinguished Lecturer in Archaeology by the American Anthropological Association ... American Anthropological Association for his contributions to the archaeology of the Americas ...
West Tilbury - Archaeology - Agriculture
... Earlier agricultural regimes over the parish embraced mixed farming (cattle, grasses, cereals, beans) upon the ‘upland’ gravel heights, where, before present demands upon the water table, numerous surface springs, brooks and ponds existed, and intensive marshland sheep husbandry (producing ewes’ milk and cheeses for the local and wider markets). ...
Archaeology - Current Issues and Controversy - Descendant Peoples - Repatriation
... The remains and artifacts, including jewelry, tools and weapons, were originally excavated from various sites in the Ottawa Valley, including Morrison and the Allumette Islands ... They had been part of the Canadian Museum of Civilization's research collection for decades, some since the late 19th century ...