What is Amun?

  • (noun): A primeval Egyptian personification of air and breath; worshipped especially at Thebes.


Amun (also Amon, Amen, Greek Ἄμμων Ámmōn, Ἅμμων Hámmōn) was a local deity of Thebes. He was attested since the Old Kingdom together with his spouse Amaunet. With the 11th dynasty (c. 21st century BC), he rose to the position of patron deity of Thebes by replacing Monthu.

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Some articles on Amun:

Amenhotep, Priest Of Amun (18th Dynasty)
... He was the High Priest in the Temple of Amun ... of most of the wealth of Egypt, which flowed in and out of the Temple of Amun ...
Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths - Cosmogonies - Thebes
... Theban theology claimed that Amun was not merely a member of the Ogdoad, but the hidden force behind all things ... One Theban myth likened Amun's act of creation to the call of a goose, which broke the stillness of the primeval waters and caused the Ogdoad and Ennead to form ... Amun was separate from the world, his true nature was concealed even from the other gods ...
... of Lower Egypt, Second Prophet of Amun, sem-priest of Heliopolis, and acquired the title Divine Father ... which stated that her son Anen was the second prophet of Amun ... Amenhotep's reign another man, Simut takes over Anen's place as Second Prophet of Amun ...
Amun - Iron Age and Classical Antiquity - Greece
... of Egypt, where he was declared "the son of Amun" by the oracle ... Even during this occupation, Amun, identified by these Greeks as a form of Zeus, continued to be the principal local deity of Thebes ... Several words derive from Amun via the Greek form, Ammon, such as ammonia and ammonite ...