What are wood gas?

Wood Gas

Wood gas is a syngas fuel which can be used as a fuel for furnaces, stoves and vehicles in place of petrol, diesel or other fuels. During the production process biomass or other carbon-containing materials are gasified within the oxygen-limited environment of a wood gas generator to produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide. These gases can then be burnt as a fuel within an oxygen rich environment to produce carbon dioxide, water and heat. In some gasifiers this process is preceded by pyrolysis, where the biomass or coal is first converted to char, releasing methane and tar rich in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

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Some articles on wood gas:

Wood Gas Generator - Design - Safety Consideration
... not carefully designed and used, there exists considerable potential for injury or death due to wood gas containing a large percentage of poisonous carbon monoxide (CO) gas ... Wood gasifiers of proven design and thoroughly tested construction are considered safe to use outdoors, or in a partially enclosed space, for example, under a shelter open to ... However, prudence must dictate that any sort of experimental wood gasifier design or new construction be thoroughly tested outdoors, and only outdoors, with a "buddy ...
Wood Gas Generator - History - Post WWII
... (FEMA) published a book in March 1989 describing how to build a gas generator in an emergency when oil was not available ... The project consisted of a power plant with a wood gas generator and a gas engine to convert the wood gas into 2 MW electric power and 4.5 MW heat ... At the wood gas power plant are also two containers for experiments with wood gas ...
Wood Gas - Production
... A wood gasifier takes wood chips, sawdust, charcoal, coal, rubber or similar materials as fuel and burns these incompletely in a fire box, producing solid ashes and soot (which have to be ... The wood gas can then be filtered for tars and soot/ash particles, cooled and directed to an engine or fuel cell ... of these engines have severe purity requirements of the wood gas, so the gas often has to pass through extensive gas cleaning in order to remove or ...
Wood Gas Generator
... A wood gas generator is a gasification unit which converts timber or charcoal into wood gas, a syngas consisting of atmospheric nitrogen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, traces of ... Historically wood gas generators were often mounted on vehicles, but present studies and developments concentrate mostly on stationary plants ...
Alternative Fuel Vehicle - Single Fuel Source - Wood Gas
... Wood gas can be used to power cars with ordinary internal combustion engines if a wood gasifier is attached ...

Famous quotes containing the words gas and/or wood:

    Droning a drowsy syncopated tune,
    Rocking back and forth to a mellow croon,
    I heard a Negro play.

    Down on Lenox Avenue the other night
    By the pale dull pallor of an old gas light
    Langston Hughes (1902–1967)

    After sitting in my chamber many days, reading the poets, I have been out early on a foggy morning and heard the cry of an owl in a neighboring wood as from a nature behind the common, unexplored by science or by literature.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)