What are climate models?

Some articles on models, climate, model, climate models, climate model:

Antarctica Cooling Controversy - Origin of The Controversy
... trend observed in the interior of the Antarctica shows the lack of reliability of the models used for global warming predictions and even of climate theory in ... the small and variable observed trends are broadly consistent with the small magnitude of model-predicted temperature trends for Antarctica ... A rebuttal to Crichton's claims was presented by the group Real Climate Long term temperature data from the Southern Hemisphere are hard to find, and by ...
Roy Spencer (scientist) - Views - Climate Change
... Spencer believes that most climate change is natural in origin, the result of long-term changes in the Earth’s albedo (sunlight reflectivity) and that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have caused some ... thorough, "big picture" understanding of the climate system to be relied upon for a prediction of the magnitude of global warming ... He also criticized climate models, saying "The people that have built the climate models that predict global warming believe they have sufficient ...
James Hansen - Research and Publications - Climate Model Development and Projections
... Vilhelm Bjerknes began the modern development of the general circulation model in the early 20th century ... It wasn't until the 1950s that the numerical models were getting close to being realistic ... Hansen's first contribution to numerical climate models came with the 1974 publication of the GISS model ...
Climatology - Models
... Climate models use quantitative methods to simulate the interactions of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface, and ice ... from study of the dynamics of the weather and climate system to projections of future climate ... All climate models balance, or very nearly balance, incoming energy as short wave (including visible) electromagnetic radiation to the earth with outgoing energy as long wave (infrare ...
Global Warming - Climate Models
... A climate model is a computerized representation of the five components of the climate system Atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, land surface, and biosphere ... Such models are based on physical principles including fluid dynamics, thermodynamics and radiative transfer ... to include as many processes as possible, simplifications of the actual climate system are inevitable because of the constraints of available computer power and limitations in knowledge of the climate system ...

Famous quotes containing the words models and/or climate:

    The greatest and truest models for all orators ... is Demosthenes. One who has not studied deeply and constantly all the great speeches of the great Athenian, is not prepared to speak in public. Only as the constant companion of Demosthenes, Burke, Fox, Canning and Webster, can we hope to become orators.
    Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924)

    Certainly parents play a crucial role in the lives of individuals who are intellectually gifted or creatively talented. But this role is not one of active instruction, of teaching children skills,... rather, it is support and encouragement parents give children and the intellectual climate that they create in the home which seem to be the critical factors.
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