Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced ) is a member of the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages spoken natively in Wales, by some along the Welsh border in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina). Historically, it has also been known in English as "the British tongue", "Cambrian", "Cambric" and "Cymric".
A 2004 survey by the Welsh Language Board indicated that 21.7% of the population of Wales (611,000 people) were able to speak the language, compared with 20.8% in the 2001 Census. Of those 611,000 Welsh speakers, 57% (315,000) considered themselves fluent, and 78% (477,000) considered themselves fluent or "fair" speakers. 62% of speakers (340,000) claimed to speak the language daily, including 88% of fluent speakers.
A greeting in Welsh is one of 55 languages included on the Voyager Golden Record chosen to be representative of Earth in NASA's Voyager program launched in 1977. The greetings are unique to each language, with the Welsh greeting being Iechyd da i chwi yn awr ac yn oesoedd which translates into English as "Good health to you now and forever".
The Welsh Language Measure 2011 gave the Welsh language official status in Wales, making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom.
Read more about Welsh Language: History, Distribution of Welsh Speakers, Official Status, Vocabulary, Orthography, Counting System, Dialects, Registers, Welsh in Education, Welsh in Information Technology, Welsh in Warfare, Use of Welsh At The European Union
Other articles related to "welsh language, welsh, languages, language, welsh languages":
... In November 2008, the Welsh language was used at a meeting of the European Union's Council of Ministers for the first time ... Ffred Jones addressed his audience in Welsh and his words were interpreted into the EU’s 23 official languages ... The official use of the language followed years of campaigning ...
... The Welsh language is officially protected by the Welsh Language Act 1993 and the Government of Wales Act 1998, and since 1998 it has been common, for example, for almost all British Government ... Both the English and Welsh languages have equal status in Wales according to law ... On 7 December 2010, the Welsh Assembly unanimously approved a set of measures to develop the use of the Welsh language within Wales ...
... Dr Simon Brooks is a former editor of the Welsh language current affairs magazine Barn (1996–2007), as well as founding co-editor of the Welsh language cultural ... He is also a founding member of the Welsh language pressure group Cymuned, for whom he was a prominent media spokesman between 2001 and 2004, and whose central office he ran ... He is currently a lecturer at the School of Welsh, Cardiff University ...
... Llwyd Owen is an award-winning Welsh-language fiction author born in Cardiff in 1977 ... As well as publishing 6 acclaimed Welsh language novels and one English language adaptation, he is also a published poet and photographer who presented his own television documentary on S4C on the ... boundaries" because of its disturbing content, swearing and slang, which is uncommon in Welsh-language literature ...
... "Tynged yr Iaith" (meaning "The fate of the language") was a radio lecture delivered in Welsh by Saunders Lewis on February 13, 1962 ... Gymraeg, and the start of a period of direct-action agitation to enhance the status of the Welsh language ... century none has greater resonance for the Welsh speaker than 'Tynged yr Iaith ...
Famous quotes containing the words language and/or welsh:
“Syntax and vocabulary are overwhelming constraintsthe rules that run us. Language is using us to talkwe think were using the language, but language is doing the thinking, were its slavish agents.”
—Harry Mathews (b. 1930)
“God defend me from that Welsh fairy,
Lest he transform me to a piece of cheese!”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)