In materials science, wear is erosion or sideways displacement of material from its "derivative" and original position on a solid surface performed by the action of another surface.

Wear is related to interactions between surfaces and more specifically the removal and deformation of material on a surface as a result of mechanical action of the opposite surface. The need for relative motion between two surfaces and initial mechanical contact between asperities is an important distinction between mechanical wear compared to other processes with similar outcomes.

The definition of wear may include loss of dimension from plastic deformation if it is originated at the interface between two sliding surfaces.
However, plastic deformation such as yield stress is excluded from the wear definition if it doesn't incorporates a relative sliding motion and contact against another surface despite the possibility for material removal, because it then lacks the relative sliding action of another surface.
Impact wear is in reality a short sliding motion where two solid bodies interact at an exceptional short time interval. Previously due to the fast execution, the contact found in impact wear was referred to as an impulse contact by the nomenclature. Impulse can be described as a mathematical model of a synthesised average on the energy transport between two travelling solids in opposite converging contact.
Cavitation wear is a form of wear where the erosive medium or counter-body is a fluid.
Corrosion may be included in wear phenomenons, but the damage is amplified and performed by chemical reactions rather than mechanical action.

Wear can also be defined as a process where interaction between two surfaces or bounding faces of solids within the working environment results in dimensional loss of one solid, with or without any actual decoupling and loss of material. Aspects of the working environment which affect wear include loads and features such as unidirectional sliding, reciprocating, rolling, and impact loads, speed, temperature, but also different types of counter-bodies such as solid, liquid or gas and type of contact ranging between single phase or multiphase, in which the last multiphase may combine liquid with solid particles and gas bubbles.

Read more about WearMeasurement, Stages of Wear, Types

Other articles related to "wear":

Types - Erosive Wear
... Erosive wear can be described as an extremely short sliding motion and is executed within a short time interval ... Erosive wear is caused by the impact of particles of solid or liquid against the surface of an object ... A common example is the erosive wear associated with the movement of slurries through piping and pumping equipment ...
What Not To Wear (UK TV Series) - Publications
... Other success, included when the book What Not to Wear gained Trinny and Susannah a British Book Award in 2003 for "The TV Film Book of the Year" ... Books by Trinny and Susannah linked with What Not to Wear include What Not to Wear (2002) What Not to Wear 2 For Every Occasion (2003) What Not to Wear The Rules (2004 ...
... Due to this, practitioners often wear a dobok modeled after the Korean hanbok ... Traditional taekwondo practitioners may wear dobok that are identical or very similar to gi, with a cross-over jacket front, while International Taekwon-Do Federation-style taekwondo ... Practitioners of Korean sword arts like kumdo usually wear wider pants, called chima baji (치마바지 literally, "skirt-pants") ...
... Witton-le-Wear is a small village in County Durham, England ... It is situated on the north bank of the River Wear, 6 km (3.7 mi) to the north-west of Bishop Auckland ...
Highland Dress
... that are tied in the same way but have thin soles for indoor wear and dancing ... Traditionally, women and girls do not wear kilts but may wear ankle-length tartan skirts ... Women may also wear dress tartans which are modified versions which include white in place of a more prominent colour ...

Famous quotes containing the word wear:

    Thus inevitably does the universe wear our color, and every object fall successively into the subject itself. The subject exists, the subject enlarges; all things sooner or later fall into place. As I am, so I see; use what language we will, we can never say anything but what we are; Hermes, Cadmus, Columbus, Newton, Bonaparte, are the mind’s ministers.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    You should hurry up ... and acquire the cigar habit. It’s one of the major happinesses. And so much more lasting than love, so much less costly in emotional wear and tear.
    Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)

    I wear my wedding ring
    He will cut off your finger
    And the blood will linger
    Little bird!
    Allen Tate (1899–1979)