Vincent Van Gogh
Vincent Willem van Gogh (; 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work, notable for its rough beauty, emotional honesty and bold color, had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. After years of painful anxiety and frequent bouts of mental illness, he died aged 37 from a gunshot wound, generally accepted to be self-inflicted (although no gun was ever found). His work was then known to only a handful of people and appreciated by fewer still.
Van Gogh began to draw as a child, and he continued to draw throughout the years that led up to his decision to become an artist. He did not begin painting until his late twenties, completing many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. In just over a decade, he produced more than 2,100 artworks, consisting of 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints. His work included self portraits, landscapes, still lifes, portraits and paintings of cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers.
Van Gogh spent his early adulthood working for a firm of art dealers, traveling between The Hague, London and Paris, after which he taught for a time in England. One of his early aspirations was to become a pastor and from 1879 he worked as a missionary in a mining region in Belgium where he began to sketch people from the local community. In 1885, he painted his first major work The Potato Eaters. His palette at the time consisted mainly of somber earth tones and showed no sign of the vivid coloration that distinguished his later work. In March 1886, he moved to Paris and discovered the French Impressionists. Later, he moved to the south of France and was influenced by the strong sunlight he found there. His work grew brighter in color, and he developed the unique and highly recognizable style that became fully realized during his stay in Arles in 1888.
The extent to which his mental health affected his painting has been a subject of speculation since his death. Despite a widespread tendency to romanticize his ill health, modern critics see an artist deeply frustrated by the inactivity and incoherence brought about by his bouts of illness. According to art critic Robert Hughes, van Gogh's late works show an artist at the height of his ability, completely in control and "longing for concision and grace".
... The 1956 film starred Kirk Douglas as Vincent van Gogh and Anthony Quinn as Paul Gauguin ... In 1948, Alain Resnais made a documentary Van Gogh ... Resnais’ black-and-white film featured only Van Gogh’s canvases ...
... Van Gogh wrote to his brother Theo, "‘Cobalt is a divine colour and there is nothing so beautiful for putting atmosphere around things…" Van Gogh described to his brother Theo. 1870s, when he added two figures to left of the picture a few years later In Vincent Van Gogh's Irises, the blue irises are placed against their complementary colour, yellow-orange Van Gogh's Starry Night Over ... Wheatfield under clouded sky (July 1890), One of the last paintings by Vincent van Gogh, He wrote of cobalt blue, "there is nothing so beautiful for putting atmosphere around things." ...
387 Vincent van Gogh Les Hommes d'aujourd'hui, no. 65–69 Néo-traditionnistes Vincent van Gogh La Plume III/57, 1 September 1891, pp. 447 Vincent van Gogh Mercure de France VII/40, April 1893, pp ...
... The Passion of Vincent van Gogh is an opera in three acts and eighteen scenes by composer Christopher Yavelow ... by the composer is taken from the letters of Vincent van Gogh (with permission from the Vincent van Gogh Foundation), Paul Gauguin's journal, and additional official documents relating to ...
... In his final letter to Theo, Vincent admitted that as he did not have any children, he viewed his paintings as his progeny ... heirs." Schama mentioned a wide number of artists who have adapted elements of van Gogh's style, including Willem de Kooning, Howard Hodgkin and Jackson Pollock ... Abstract Expressionism of the 1940s and 1950s is seen as in part inspired from van Gogh's broad, gestural brush strokes ...
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“An artist neednt be a clergyman or a churchwarden, but he certainly must have a warm heart for his fellow men.”
—Vincent Van Gogh (18531890)
“When van Gogh paints sunflowers, he reveals, or achieves, the vivid relation between himself, as man, and the sunflower, as sunflower, at that quick moment of time. His painting does not represent the sunflower itself. We shall never know what the sunflower itself is. And the camera will visualize the sunflower far more perfectly than van Gogh can.”
—D.H. (David Herbert)
“It is not a certain conformity of manners that the painting of Van Gogh attacks, but rather the conformity of institutions themselves. And even external nature, with her climates, her tides, and her equinoctial storms, cannot, after van Goghs stay upon earth, maintain the same gravitation.”
—Antonin Artaud (18961948)
“The fabric of my faithful love
No power shall dim or ravel
Whilst I stay herebut oh, my dear,
If I should ever travel!”
—Edna St. Vincent Millay (18921950)
“To call a posit a posit is not to patronize it. A posit can be unavoidable except at the cost of other no less artificial expedients. Everything to which we concede existence is a posit from the standpoint of a description of the theory-building process, and simultaneously real from the standpoint of the theory that is being built.”
—Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908)