Variolation

  • (noun): The obsolete process of inoculating a susceptible person with material taken from a vesicle of a person who has smallpox.
    Synonyms: variolization

Some articles on variolation:

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu - Ottoman Smallpox Inoculation
... There she witnessed the practice of inoculation against smallpox—variolation—which she called engrafting, and wrote home about it ... Variolation used live smallpox virus in the liquid taken from a smallpox blister in a mild case of the disease and carried in a nutshell ... They called it variolation (varus is Latin for pimple) or inoculation (inoculare means to graft) ...
James Jurin - Medical Practice
... Jurin used an early statistical study to compare the risks of variolation with those from contracting the disease naturally ... that the probability of death from variolation was roughly 1 in 50, while the probability of death from naturally contracted smallpox was 1 in 7 or 8 ... was very influential in establishing smallpox variolation in England some seventy years before Edward Jenner introduced the more effective method of "vaccinati ...
Artificial Induction Of Immunity - Variolation and Smallpox
... artificial induction of immunity in humans was by variolation or inoculation, which is the controlled infection of a subject with a less lethal natural form of smallpox (known as ... Variolation had the disadvantage that the inoculating agent used was still an active form of smallpox and, although less potent, could still kill the inoculee or spread in its full form to others nearby ...
Edward Jenner - Natural History, Science and Marriage
... In 1721 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu had imported variolation to Britain after having observed it in Istanbul, where her husband was the British ambassador ... Known Smallpox is more dangerous than variolation and cowpox less dangerous than variolation ... Test If variolation after infection with cowpox fails to produce a smallpox infection, immunity to smallpox has been achieved ...
History Of Smallpox - Variolation - United States of America
... Kirkpatrick, upon his visit to London in 1743, told of an instance where variolation stopped an epidemic in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1738, where 800 people were inoculated and only ... His account of the success of variolation in Charleston helped to play a role in the revival of its practice in London ...