Ulster Defence Regiment

The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) was an infantry regiment of the British Army. It became operational in 1970, formed on similar lines to other British reserve forces but with the operational role of defence of life or property in Northern Ireland against armed attack or sabotage. The UDR replaced the Ulster Special Constabulary ("B-Specials") along with a separate police reserve, to assist the regular Armed Forces. It was the largest infantry regiment in the British Army, formed with seven battalions and an extra four added within two years.

The regiment consisted overwhelmingly of part-time volunteers until 1976 when a full-time cadre was added. Recruiting from the local community at a time of intercommunal strife, it was accused of sectarian attitudes and collusion with loyalist paramilitary organisations through most of its term. The regiment was intended to be nonpartisan, and it began with Catholic recruits accounting for 18% of membership, however due to various circumstances by the end of 1972 the Catholic membership made up around 3% of the regiment's soldiers.

In 1992, the regiment was amalgamated with the Royal Irish Rangers to form the Royal Irish Regiment. In 2006, the Royal Irish Regiment was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, which entitled the UDR to be known as The Ulster Defence Regiment CGC.

Read more about Ulster Defence RegimentBackground, Formation, Operational Role, Structure, Casualties, Infiltration By Paramilitaries, Music, Options For Change and Amalgamation, Awards, Honours and Decorations, UDR Memorial

Other articles related to "ulster, ulster defence regiment, regiment":

The Troubles (Northern Ireland) - Casualties - Status
... One UDA and three Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) members killed during the conflict were also Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) soldiers at the time of their deaths ... reserves) 1123 of whom British Army (excluding Ulster Defence Regiment and Royal Irish Regiment) 502 Royal Ulster Constabulary 301 Ulster Defence Regiment 196 Northern Ireland Prison ...
The Troubles (Northern Ireland) - Collusion Between Security Forces and Loyalist Paramilitaries - Ulster Defence Regiment
... The British Army's locally recruited regiment, the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), was almost 100% Protestant and seen as especially prone to loyalist infiltration ... It was feared that UDR soldiers were loyal to "Ulster" alone rather than to "Her Majesty's Government" ...
Timeline Of Ulster Defence Regiment Operations
... Most Ulster Defence Regiment operations were to assist the Royal Ulster Constabulary by guarding key installations in Northern Ireland, and provide patrols and vehicle checkpoints on public roads to hamper ... The Ulster Defence Regiment was not permitted to engage in "crowd control" situations, due to the fear of pitting neighbour against neighbour ... this became more acute as Catholic membership dwindled in the regiment and the use of the predominantly Protestant force against Catholic protesters would have been singularly provocative ...
Provisional Irish Republican Army Campaign 1969–1997 - Casualties
... According to the CAIN research project at the University of Ulster, the Provisional IRA was responsible for the deaths of 1,824 people during the Troubles up to 2001. 656 were British armed forces 456 from the British Army, 183 were from the Ulster Defence Regiment (a part-time local British Army reserve unit), five were from the. 272 were members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, 14 were former Royal Ulster Constabulary members, six were British Police, 20 were Northern Ireland Prison Service officers ...
Ulster Defence Regiment - UDR Memorial
... Lisburn City Council leased the site to the UDR Memorial Trust at Market Square, Lisburn ... Under the terms of the lease, the UDR Memorial Trust are permitted to use this for the erection of a memorial ...

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