The Tunisian legal system is heavily influenced by French civil law, while the Law of Personal Status is based on Islamic law. Sharia courts were abolished in 1956.
A Code of Personal Status was adopted shortly after independence in 1956, which, among other things, gave women full legal status (allowing them to run and own businesses, have bank accounts, and seek passports under their own authority). The code outlawed the practices of polygamy and repudiation, and a husband’s right to unilaterally divorce his wife. Further reforms in 1993 included a provision to allow Tunisian women to transmit citizenship even if they are married to a foreigner and living abroad. The Law of Personal Status is applied to all Tunisians regardless of their religion. The Code of Personal Status remains one of the most progressive civil codes in the Middle East and the Muslim world.
Other articles related to "law, laws":
... the Royal Assent and becoming part of the law of England ... Licence and Royal Assent, but form the law of the church, rather than the law of the land ...
... The first legal text is the Law of the Twelve Tables, dating from mid-5th century BC ... Terentilius Arsa, proposed that the law should be written, in order to prevent magistrates from applying the law arbitrarily ... convinced the patricians to send a delegation to Athens, to copy the Laws of Solon they also dispatched delegations to other Greek cities for like reason ...
... Before the Twelve Tables (754–449 BC), private law comprised the Roman civil law (ius civile Quiritium) that applied only to Roman citizens, and was bonded to religion undeveloped, with attributes ... said, "At the beginning of our city, the people began their first activities without any fixed law, and without any fixed rights all things were ruled despotically, by kings" ... It is believed that Roman Law is rooted in the Etruscan religion, emphasising ritual ...
... Organic law, a fundamental law Organic statute, literally "regulations for an organ", with "organ" meaning an organization or governmental body Organic Articles, a French law presented in 1802 ...
... to 27 BC, we can see the development of more flexible laws to match the needs of the time ... class is created the ius honorarium, which can be defined as "The law introduced by the magistrates who had the right to promulgate edicts in order to support, supplement or correct the ... The adaptation of law to new needs was given over to juridical practice, to magistrates, and especially to the praetors ...
Famous quotes containing the word law:
“We accept and welcome ... as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment; the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in the hands of a few; and the law of competition between these, as being not only beneficial, but essential for the future progress of the race.”
—Andrew Carnegie (18351919)
“An endless imbroglio
Is law and the world,
Then first shalt thou know,
That in the wild turmoil,
Horsed on the Proteus,
Thou ridest to power,
And to endurance.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“War is thus divine in itself, since it is a law of the world. War is divine through its consequences of a supernatural nature which are as much general as particular.... War is divine in the mysterious glory that surrounds it and in the no less inexplicable attraction that draws us to it.... War is divine by the manner in which it breaks out.”
—Joseph De Maistre (17531821)