The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, reaching a total body length of up to 3.3 metres (11 ft) and weighing up to 306 kg (670 lb). It is the third largest land carnivore (behind only the Polar bear and the Brown bear). Its most recognizable feature is a pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with lighter underside. It has exceptionally stout teeth, and the canines are the longest among living felids with a crown height of as much as 74.5 mm (2.93 in) or even 90 mm (3.5 in). In zoos, tigers have lived for 20 to 26 years, which also seems to be their longevity in the wild. They are territorial and generally solitary but social animals, often requiring large contiguous areas of habitat that support their prey requirements. This, coupled with the fact that they are indigenous to some of the more densely populated places on Earth, has caused significant conflicts with humans.

Tigers once ranged widely across Asia, from Turkey in the west to the eastern coast of Russia. Over the past 100 years, they have lost 93% of their historic range, and have been extirpated from southwest and central Asia, from the islands of Java and Bali, and from large areas of Southeast and Eastern Asia. Today, they range from the Siberian taiga to open grasslands and tropical mangrove swamps. The remaining six tiger subspecies have been classified as endangered by IUCN. The global population in the wild is estimated to number between 3,062 to 3,948 individuals, down from around 100,000 at the start of the 20th century, with most remaining populations occurring in small pockets that are isolated from each other. Major reasons for population decline include habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation and poaching. The extent of area occupied by tigers is estimated at less than 1,184,911 km2 (457,497 sq mi), a 41% decline from the area estimated in the mid-1990s.

Tigers are among the most recognisable and popular of the world's charismatic megafauna. They have featured prominently in ancient mythology and folklore, and continue to be depicted in modern films and literature. Tigers appear on many flags, coats of arms, and as mascots for sporting teams. The Bengal tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh and India.

Read more about TigerTaxonomy and Etymology, Characteristics and Evolution, Distribution and Habitat, Conservation Efforts

Other articles related to "tiger":

Giant Tiger
... Giant Tiger Stores Limited is Canada’s third-largest chain of discount stores (after Walmart and Zellers) ... Bay Company, by American entrepreneur Jerry Zucker, Giant Tiger became the largest Canadian-owned discount retailer ... Giant Tiger stores are more midsized more like Hart or Rossy as opposed to Walmart or Zellers/Target ...
Giant Tiger - History - Changes in Management Structure and Key Personnel
... Gordon Reid has gradually been relinquishing direct control of Giant Tiger ... In 1999, he resigned the presidency of Giant Tiger in favour of Jeff York, an executive with ten years’ experience at the company ... In October 2010, Reid stepped down as chief executive officer of Giant Tiger, in favour of Andy Gross, a twenty-five year veteran with the chain, who started working as a buyer when ...
Giant Tiger - History - New Brands/trade Names
... In 1977, Giant Tiger established Chez Tante Marie stores in Hull and Gatineau, Quebec ... In 2008, Giant Tiger opened its first GT Xpress outlet, in Ottawa's working-class Hintonburg neighbourhood ... stores is more limited than at a full-size Giant Tiger, let alone a big-box store ...
HMS Tiger (1913) - First World War
... Tiger was laid down at the John Brown and Company shipyard in Clydebank on 6 June 1912 ... deployment of four battlecruisers to hunt for the German East Asia Squadron, Tiger was ordered to cut short her firing trials off Berehaven and was commissioned into the First Battlecruiser Squadron (1st BCS ... Beatty described Tiger to the First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher of Kilverstone as "not yet fit to fight ...

Famous quotes containing the word tiger:

    The tiger springs in the new year. Us he devours.
    —T.S. (Thomas Stearns)

    The tiger in the tiger-pit
    Is not more irritable than I.
    The whipping tail is not more still
    Than when I smell the enemy
    Writhing in the essential blood
    Or dangling from the friendly tree.
    —T.S. (Thomas Stearns)

    Time is the substance from which I am made. Time is a river which carries me along, but I am the river; it is a tiger that devours me, but I am the tiger; it is a fire that consumes me, but I am the fire.
    Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)