The Republic (Plato)

The Republic (Plato)

The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, Politeia) is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato around 380 BCE concerning the definition of justice and the order and character of the just city-state and the just man. The dramatic date of the dialogue has been much debated and though it must take place some time during the Peloponnesian War, "there would be jarring anachronisms if any of the candidate specific dates between 432 and 404 were assigned". It is Plato's best-known work and has proven to be one of the most intellectually and historically influential works of philosophy and political theory. In it, Socrates along with various Athenians and foreigners discuss the meaning of justice and examine whether or not the just man is happier than the unjust man by considering a series of different cities coming into existence "in speech", culminating in a city (Kallipolis) ruled by philosopher-kings; and by examining the nature of existing regimes. The participants also discuss the theory of forms, the immortality of the soul, and the roles of the philosopher and of poetry in society.

Read more about The Republic (Plato):  Structure

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The Republic (Plato) - Reception and Interpretation - 20th Century - Practicality
... Platoscholars see it as their task to provide the background knowledge that is needed to gain a fair understanding of what was meant by the author of the Republic ... Then the uniqueness of the Republicshows up in the way it clarifies genuine connections of political causes and effects in real life, precisely by providing them with a ... city-states, the form of government portrayed in the Republicwas meant as a practical one by Plato ...

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