The Tanya (תניא) is an early work of Hasidic philosophy, by Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of Chabad Hasidism, first published in 1797. Its formal title is Likkutei Amarim (ליקוטי אמרים, Hebrew, "collection of statements"), but is more commonly known by its opening word, Tanya, which means "it was taught in a beraita". It is composed of five sections that define Hasidic mystical psychology and theology as a handbook for daily spiritual life in Jewish observance.

The Tanya is the main work of the Chabad approach to Hasidic mysticism, as it defines its general interpretation and method. The subsequent extensive library of the Chabad school, authored by successive leaders, builds upon the approach of the Tanya. Chabad differed from "Mainstream Hasidism" in its search for philosophical investigation and intellectual analysis of Hasidic Torah exegesis. This emphasised the mind as the route to internalising Hasidic mystical dveikus (emotional fervour), in contrast to general Hasidism's creative enthusiasm in faith. As a consequence, Chabad Hasidic writings are typically characterised by their systematic intellectual structure, while other classic texts of general Hasidic mysticism are usually more compiled or anecdotal in nature.

As one of the founding figures of Hasidic mysticism, Schneur Zalman and his approach in the Tanya are venerated by other Hasidic schools, although they tend to avoid its meditative methods. In Chabad it is called "the Written Torah of Hasidus", with the many subsequent Chabad writings being relatively "Oral Torah" explanation. In it, Schneur Zalman brings the new interpretations of Jewish mysticism by the Baal Shem Tov, founder of Hasidism, into philosophical articulation and definition. This intellectual form synthesises Hasidic Divine Omnipresence and Jewish soulfulness with other historical components of Rabbinic literature, embodied in the Talmud, Medieval philosophy, Musar (ethical) literature and Lurianic Kabbalah. The Tanya has therefore been seen in Chabad as the defining Hasidic text, and a subsequent stage of Jewish mystical evolution.

Read more about Tanya:  Background To The Chabad Approach, Structure, Subject Matter, Jewish Criticism Of, Exposition, Aphorisms

Other articles related to "tanya":

List Of The Bill Characters (E-L) - K - Brandon Kane
... Officer Title Detective Constable Spouse(s) Tanya Kane (deceased) Children Zoe Kane (daughter) Jordan Kane (son) DC Brandon Kane came from a small Asian Leicester family ... to be an accountant where he met his ex-wife, Tanya, with whom he had 2 children ... This stemmed from when Tanya died, and Debbie pounced on Brandon as prime suspect in her tragic fall ...
Tanya - Aphorisms
... "Our understanding in Tanya is like a goat looking at the moon"--Rabbi Sholom Dovber Schneersohn ... Liadi has managed to put such a great God into such a small book"- Rabbi Zusha of Hanipol "With the Tanya the Jewish people will go to greet the Messiah"--Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev ...
List Of Footballers' Wives Episodes - Special
... signing, Brendan Spunk (Graham Norton), arrives, Amber, Tanya and Shannon all want a piece of him ... Amber, Shannon, Tanya and Normski all end up in bed with him at the same time and when Bruno comes in, he threatens to kill them all seeing as there will be no series six ... Then Tanya wakes up and realizes that the past five series were all a dream ...
Tanya Datta
... Tanya Datta (born 16 July 1972) is a British Asian radio and television journalist and writer ... Tanya was born in Bristol, and grew up in London ... Tanya studied English at Wadham College Oxford University graduating with a first class degree in 1994 ...
List Of Minor Emmerdale Characters (2009) - Tanya Callard
... Tanya Callard Emmerdale character Portrayed by Susan McArdle Duration 2009, 2011 First appearance 13 February 2009 Last appearance 21 April 2011 Tanya Callard was Debbie Dingle's cellmate ... Tanya first appears on the day Debbie goes to court to hear what she is to be prosecuted for ... having been told she will be tried for murder, Tanya asks her what happened, and Debbie tells her to mind her own business ...

Famous quotes containing the word tanya:

    Joseph, when I had jewels and lands and palaces, I was often weary and discontent. When everything was taken away, except my life, I learned that the way to be really happy is to serve others, to be needed.
    —Adele Comandini. Edward Sutherland. Madam Tanya (Maria Ouspenskaya)