Sydney ( /sɪdni/) is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. It is located on Australia's south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. As of June 2010, the greater metropolitan area had an approximate population of 4.6 million people. Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising a cosmopolitan and international population.

The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet, as a penal colony. The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge feature prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches including the famous Bondi Beach and Manly Beach. Within the city are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the Royal Botanic Gardens.

Sydney often ranks highly in various world cities rankings. It has hosted multiple major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games (now known as Commonwealth Games) and the 2000 Summer Olympics. The main airport serving Sydney is Sydney Airport and its main port is Sydney Harbour.

Read more about SydneyHistory, Urban Structure, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Government, Education, World Cities Rankings

Other articles related to "sydney":

Inner West Railway Line - Inner West Line Stations
... from ■Bankstown Line Inner West Line Town Hall THL 1.2 km 1932 One Sydney, Darling Harbour Wynyard WYD 2.1 km 1932 One Sydney, The Rocks, Millers Point ...
Sydney, Nova Scotia - Notable People
... medalist Donald MacDonald, President of the Canadian Labour Congress/MLA for Sydney Daniel MacIvor, playwright Al MacNeil, retired NHL player and head coach, Stanley Cup Champion ...
History Of Sydney - Ancient History
... The first people to occupy the area now known as Sydney were Australian Aborigines ... their population was never large, they occupied all areas of Australia, including Sydney ... The area surrounding Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) was home to several Aboriginal tribes ...
History Of Sydney
... The History of Sydney begins in prehistoric times with the occupation of the district by Australian Aborigines, whose ancestors came to Australia between 45,000 ... Sydney established an elected city council in 1840 and was from 1788-1900 the capital of the British colony of New South Wales ... In 1901, Sydney became a state capital, when New South Wales voted to join the Australian Federation ...
History Of Sydney - 20th Century - Olympic City and The New Millenium
... due to naming rights), a multi-purpose stadium located in the Sydney Olympic Park precinct of the redeveloped Homebush Bay was completed in March 1999 at a cost of A$690 million ... Sydney captured global attention in the Year 2000 by hosting the Summer Olympic Games ... The Opening Ceremony of the Sydney Olympics featured a theatrical rendering of Australian history through dance and a torch lighting by Aboriginal athlete Cathy Freeman ...

Famous quotes containing the word sydney:

    Tiger look at this, Reg.
    —Afferback Lauder. Let Stalk Strine, Ure Smith, Sydney (1965)