Surface Plasmon

Surface Plasmon

Surface plasmons (SPs) are coherent electron oscillations that exist at the interface between any two materials where the real part of the dielectric function changes sign across the interface (e.g. a metal-dielectric interface, such as a metal sheet in air). SPs have lower energy than bulk (or volume) plasmons which quantise the longitudinal electron oscillations about positive ion cores within the bulk of an electron gas (or plasma). When SPs couple with a photon, the resulting hybridised excitation is called a surface plasmon polariton (SPP). This SPP can propagate along the surface of a metal until energy is lost either via absorption in the metal or radiation into free-space. The existence of surface plasmons was first predicted in 1957 by Rufus Ritchie. In the following two decades, surface plasmons were extensively studied by many scientists, the foremost of whom were T. Turbadar in the 1950s and 1960s, and Heinz Raether, E. Kretschmann, and A. Otto in the 1960s and 1970s. Information transfer in nanoscale structures, similar to photonics, by means of surface plasmons, is referred to as plasmonics.

Read more about Surface Plasmon:  Excitation, Dispersion Relation, Propagation Length and Skin Depth, Effects of Roughness, Experimental Applications, See Also

Other articles related to "surface plasmon, plasmons, plasmon, surface plasmons, surface":

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Surface Plasmon - See Also
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... Surface plasmons have been used to enhance the surface sensitivity of several spectroscopic measurements including fluorescence, Raman scattering, and second harmonic generation ... the local index of refraction, changing the resonance conditions of the surface plasmon waves ... If the surface is patterned with different biopolymers, using adequate optics and imaging sensors (i.e ...
... Many optical biosensors are based on the phenomenon of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) techniques ... that a thin layer of gold on a high refractive index glass surface can absorb laser light, producing electron waves (surface plasmons) on the gold surface ... only at a specific angle and wavelength of incident light and is highly dependent on the surface of the gold, such that binding of a target analyte to a receptor on the gold ...

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