The stumps are three vertical posts which support two bails. The stumps and bails are usually made of wood, and together form a wicket at each end of the pitch.
The overall width of each wicket is 9 inches (22.9 cm). Each stump is 28 inches (71.1 cm) tall with maximum and minimum diameters of 1½ inches (3.81 cm) and 1⅜ inches (3.49 cm). They have a spike at one end for inserting into the ground, and the other end has a U-shaped 'through groove' to provide a resting place for the bails.
Each stump is referred to by a specific name:
- Off stump is the stump on the off side of the wicket (the same side as the batsman's bat).
- Middle (Lie) stump is the centre stump, on the lie of the wicket.
- Leg stump is the stump on the on side of the wicket (the same side as the batsman's legs).
These names are relative to the batsman, so a right-handed batsman's leg stump becomes the off stump when a left-handed player is batting.
In modern professional play, the stumps are often emblazoned with a sponsor's logo. Although they are too far away from spectators to be seen, such logos are visible on television coverage.
For professional matches, often one or more of the stumps is hollow and contains a small television camera. This is aligned vertically, but can view through a small window on the side of the stump via a mirror. The so-called stump-cam gives a unique view of play for action replays, particularly when a batsman is bowled.
Other articles related to "stumps, stump":
... This can take the form of whole stumps, logs, pieces of bark or even worked timber such as railway sleepers or floorboards ... A stumpery traditionally consists of tree stumps arranged upside-down or on their sides to show the root structure but logs, driftwood or large pieces of bark can also be used ... The stumps can be used individually or attached together to form a structure such as a wall or arch ...
... Stump harvesting is not a new process ... Records of tree stumps being dug out of the ground for wood fuel go back hundreds of years in Europe ... In Britain, stumps are removed in some forests for disease control, especially in south-east England ...
... Stumps is also used as a term to mean the end of a day's play, e.g ... "The umpires called stumps" means that the umpires have declared play over for the day ... end of the day's play, the umpires will also remove the stumps ...
... Hickories sprout readily from stumps and roots ... Stump sprouting is not as prolific as in other deciduous trees species but the sprouts that are produced are vigorous and grow fairly rapidly in height ... Root sprouts also are vigorous and probably more numerous than stump sprouts in cut-over areas ...
... At each end of the pitch three upright wooden stakes, called the stumps, are hammered into the ground ... Two wooden crosspieces, known as the bails, sit in grooves atop the stumps, linking each to its neighbour ... Each set of three stumps and two bails is collectively known as a wicket ...
Famous quotes containing the word stumps:
“As they are not seen on their way down the streams, it is thought by fishermen that they never return, but waste away and die, clinging to rocks and stumps of trees for an indefinite period; a tragic feature in the scenery of the river bottoms worthy to be remembered with Shakespeares description of the sea-floor.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“In the atoms fizz and pop we heard possibility
uncorked. Taffeta wraps whispered on davenports.
A new planet bloomed above us; in its light
the stumps of cut pine gleamed like dinner plates.
The world was beginning all over again, fresh and hot;
we could have anything we wanted.”
—Lynn Emanuel (b. 1949)
“Those friends have left.
Only stumps remain
in the thickets
and weve grown old, besides.
Loves been cut off
at the roots.”
—Hla Stavhana (c. 50 A.D.)