State Shintō (国家神道, Kokka Shintō?) has been called the state religion of the Empire of Japan, although it did not exist as a single institution and no "Shintō" was ever declared a state religion. Fridell argues that scholars call the period 1868-1945 the "State Shinto period" because, "during these decades, Shinto elements came under a great deal of overt state influence and control as the Japanese government systematically utilized shrine worship as a major force for mobilizing imperial loyalties on behalf of modern nation-building." The term "state Shinto" appears in the Shinto Directive" of 1945, which concerned that part of the Shinto world which it termed "a nonreligious national cult commonly known as State Shinto, National Shinto, or Shrine Shinto."
The idea of "State Shinto" was popularized in 1970 by the postwar religious scholar Shigeyoshi Murakami to classify those ideals, rituals and institutions that were created by the government to promote the divinity of the emperor and the uniqueness of Japan (kokutai). Murakami's book was one of the most popular books about religion in postwar Japan. While the concept has since been considered by scholars to be overreaching the actual scope of government interference in religion, it is certain that the government interfered.
Other articles related to "shinto, state shinto, state":
... After the Meiji Restoration, Japanese government protected Shinto and treated it well not as a special religion but as State Shinto ... The government closely related Shinto with the holy emperor, and they used Shinto as a tool for their state governance ... State Shinto was clearly distinguished from private sects of Shinto religion ...
... Main article Shinto See also Association of Shinto Shrines Shinto, meaning "the way of the gods", is Japan's indigenous religion and is practiced by about 83% of the ... Note that unlike Judeo-Christian religions Shinto due to its nature does not require the same admission of faith, instead merely participating in certain aspects of ... Shinto originated in prehistoric times as a religion with a respect for nature and for particular sacred sites ...
Famous quotes containing the word state:
“That popular fable of the sot who was picked up dead-drunk in the street, carried to the dukes house, washed and dressed and laid in the dukes bed, and, on his waking, treated with all obsequious ceremony like the duke, and assured that he had been insane, owes its popularity to the fact that it symbolizes so well the state of man, who is in the world a sort of sot, but now and then wakes up, exercises his reason and finds himself a true prince.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)