Spotted Tail - The Treaty of Fort Laramie

The Treaty of Fort Laramie

Spotted Tail agreed to the treaty, which in 1868 established the Great Sioux Reservation in West River, west of the Missouri River. In 1871, the senior Spotted Tail visited Washington, D.C., to meet the Commissioner of Indian Affairs Ely S. Parker and President Ulysses S. Grant. While there, he met with Red Cloud, a chief of the Oglala Lakota, and they agreed to work together on preserving Sioux rights and land.

In 1881, following the Black Hills War, Spotted Tail was killed by Crow Dog for reasons which have been disputed. According to the historian Dee Brown:

"White officials... dismissed the killing as the culmination of a quarrel over a woman, but Spotted Tail's friends said that it was the result of a plot to break the power of the chiefs...."

According to Luther Standing Bear in his memoir My People the Sioux, Spotted Tail was killed by Crow Dog after taking the wife of a crippled man. Perhaps more significantly, he was said to have sold land not belonging to him. Although this angered many of the Sioux leaders, Chief Standing Bear cautioned the others against hasty action. Spotted Tail's flaunting of his presumed power was brought to a head when he stole the wife of a crippled man. When told by a council of chiefs to give the man his wife back, Spotted Tail refused. He said the US Government was behind him. At this point, several men decided that Spotted Tail should be killed but, before they could act, he was killed by Crow Dog on August 5, 1881.

He is buried in Rosebud, South Dakota.

A tribal university (Sinte Gleska University) on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in South Dakota was named for him in 1971.

Read more about this topic:  Spotted Tail

Other articles related to "fort":

USS Powhatan (1850) - Service History - Civil War, 1860–1865
... David Dixon Porter, she assisted in the relief of Fort Pickens, Florida ... attempted to countermand the order sending the Powhatan to Fort Pickens and send the ship to assist in the relief expedition to Fort Sumter instead, but because ... She participated in the successful reduction of Fort Fisher, 24–25 December 1864 and in its capture on 13–15 January 1865 ...
Fort Lytton National Park
... Fort Lytton is a national park in Queensland, Australia, 13 km northeast of Brisbane ... Fort Lytton is an important historical site ... It is the only fort in Australia with a moat ...
Fort Lewis College - History
... The first Fort Lewis army post was constructed in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, in 1878, and was relocated in 1880 to Hesperus, Colorado, on the southern slopes of the La Plata Mountains ... In 1891, Fort Lewis was decommissioned and converted into a federal, off-reservation Indian boarding school ... In 1911, the fort's property and buildings in Hesperus were transferred to the state of Colorado to establish an "agricultural and mechanic arts high school." That deed came with two ...
Fort Duquesne
... Fort Duquesne ( /duːˈkeɪn/, originally called Fort Du Quesne) was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the ... It was destroyed and replaced by Fort Pitt in 1758 over two centuries later, the site formerly occupied by Fort Duquesne is now Point State Park ...
Oswego, New York - History - Early History
... in 1722 and fortified it with a log palisade later called Fort Oswego ... The first fortification on the site of the current Fort Ontario was built by the British in 1755 and called the "Fort of the Six Nations." ...

Famous quotes containing the words treaty and/or fort:

    The hand that signed the treaty bred a fever,
    And famine grew, and locusts came;
    Great is the hand that holds dominion over
    Man by a scribbled name.
    Dylan Thomas (1914–1953)

    For one who has not lived even a single lifetime, you are a wise man, Van Helsing.
    —Garrett Fort (1900–1945)