South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam, was a state which governed southern Vietnam until 1975. It received international recognition in 1950 as the "State of Vietnam" (1949-55), and later as the "Republic of Vietnam" (1955-75). Its capital was Saigon. The term "South Vietnam" became common usage in 1954, when the Geneva Conference partitioned Vietnam into communist and non-communist zones.

South Vietnam's origins can be traced to the French colony of Cochinchina, which consisted of the southern third of Vietnam and was a subdivision of French Indochina. After World War II, the Vietminh, led by Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the establishment of a Communist nation in Hanoi. In 1949, non-communist Vietnamese politicians formed a rival government in Saigon led by former emperor Bao Dai. Bao Dai was deposed by Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem in 1955, who proclaimed himself president after a referendum. After Diem was deposed in a military coup in 1963, there was a series of short-lived military governments. General Nguyen Van Thieu led the country from 1967 until 1975. The Vietnam War began in 1959 with an uprising by Viet Cong forces supplied by North Vietnam. Fighting climaxed during the Tet Offensive of 1968, when there were over 1.5 million South Vietnamese soldiers and 500,000 U.S. soldiers in South Vietnam. Despite a peace treaty concluded in January 1973, fighting continued until the North Vietnamese army overran Saigon on 30 April 1975.

Read more about South Vietnam:  Leaders, Politics, Provisional Revolutionary Government, Army, Provinces, Geography, Economy, Demographics, Culture

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Le Quang Tung
... Colonel Lê Quang Tung (1923, Huong Tra District, Annam, Vietnam, French Indochina – 1 November 1963) was the commander of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam ... His period at the helm of South Vietnam's elite troops was noted mostly for his work in repressing dissidents, rather than fighting the Viet Cong insurgents ... a scheme in which Army of the Republic of Vietnam personnel attempted to infiltrate North Vietnam in order to engage in intelligence gathering and sabotage ...
South Vietnam - Culture
... The emerging South Vietnamese middle class and youth in the 1960s became increasingly more Westernised, and followed American cultural and social trends, especially in music, fashion and social attitudes in major ...
Cao Van Vien - Military Career - Role During Government's Final Days
... Saigon Viên was present at the fateful meeting in March 1975 which led to South Vietnam's collapse ... made a brief visit to Cam Ranh Bay to assess the military situation in South Vietnam's northernmost military zone ... among the public, and the collapse of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam ...
Signals Intelligence In The Cold War - 1970s - Army SIGINT and Vietnamization
... Until 1973, US SIGINT advisors worked with the South Vietnamese ... detachment of Navy electronics squadron VQ-1, which relocated from Da Nang, South Vietnam, to Cubi Point Naval Air Station in the Philippines ... Army Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF) in South Vietnam was phased out ...

Famous quotes containing the words vietnam and/or south:

    Above all, Vietnam was a war that asked everything of a few and nothing of most in America.
    Myra MacPherson, U.S. author. Long Time Passing: Vietnam and the Haunted Generation, epilogue (1984)

    ...I believe it is now the duty of the slaves of the South to rebuke their masters for their robbery, oppression and crime.... No station or character can destroy individual responsibility, in the matter of reproving sin.
    Angelina Grimké (1805–1879)