Social Research

Social research refers to research conducted by social scientists, which follows a systematic plan. Social research methods can generally vary along a quantitative/qualitative dimension.

  • Quantitative designs approach social phenomena through quantifiable evidence, and often rely on statistical analysis of many cases (or across intentionally designed treatments in an experiment) to create valid and reliable general claims.
  • Qualitative designs emphasize understanding of social phenomena through direct observation, communication with participants, or analysis of texts, and may stress contextual and subjective accuracy over generality.

While various methods may sometimes be classified as quantitative or qualitative, most methods contain elements of both. For example, qualitative data analysis often involves a fairly structured approach to coding the raw data into systematic information, and quantifying intercoder reliability. Thus, a strong distinction between "qualitative" and "quantitative" should really be seen as a somewhat more complex relationship, such that many methods may be both qualitative and quantitative.

Social scientists employ a range of methods in order to analyse a vast breadth of social phenomena; from census survey data derived from millions of individuals, to the in-depth analysis of a single agents' social experiences; from monitoring what is happening on contemporary streets, to the investigation of ancient historical documents. The methods rooted in classical sociology and statistics have formed the basis for research in other disciplines, such as political science, media studies, program evaluation and market research.

Read more about Social ResearchMethodology, Ethics, Types of Method

Other articles related to "social research, research, social":

Social Surveys - See Also - Social Research Organisations
... Center for the Advanced Study of Communities and Information, USA Centre of Research in Theories and Practices that Overcome Inequalities Economic and Social ...
Major Publications of Adolph Lowe
... and Sociology A plea for cooperation in the social sciences, 1935 ... "Economic Analysis and Social Structure", 1936, Manchester School ... The Social Productivity of Technical Improvements", 1937, Manchester School "The Task of Democratic Education pre-Hitler Germany and England", 1937 ...
Social Research Association
... The Social Research Association (usually abbreviated SRA), founded in 1978, is a British and Irish organisation open to practitioners and researchers interested in all branches of social research ... It is a Learned Society member of the UK Academy of Social Sciences ... Among other activities, it publishes a code of conduct for social researchers which is widely adopted as a standard of research ethics by funding agencies in the social sciences ...
Foundations of Social Research - Modern Methodologies
... Merton released his Social Theory and Social Structure (1949) ... By the turn of the 1960s, sociological research was increasingly employed as a tool by governments and businesses worldwide ... developed new types of quantitative and qualitative research methods ...
Hans Jonas - Works - Selected Papers
... "Straddling the Boundaries of Theory and Practice Recombinant DNA Research as a Case of Action in the Process of Inquiry." In Recombinant DNA Science, Ethics and Politics, edited by J ... "Reflections on Technology, Progress and Utopia." Social Research 48 (1981) 411–55 ... "Technology as a Subject for Ethics." Social Research 49 (1982) 891–98 ...

Famous quotes containing the words research and/or social:

    One of the most important findings to come out of our research is that being where you want to be is good for you. We found a very strong correlation between preferring the role you are in and well-being. The homemaker who is at home because she likes that “job,” because it meets her own desires and needs, tends to feel good about her life. The woman at work who wants to be there also rates high in well-being.
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    The American people owe it to themselves, and to the cause of free Government, to prove by their establishments for the advancement and diffusion of knowledge, that their political Institutions ... are as favorable to the intellectual and moral improvement of Man as they are conformable to his individual and social rights.
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