Social Classes of Tibet - The Middle Division - Householders

Householders

The householder class (du-jung, dud-chung-ba duiqoin, duiqion, düchung, dudchhung, duigoin or dujung) comprised peasants who held only small plots of land that were legally and literally "individual" possessions. This was different from the taxpayer families who owned land as a familial corporation. Land inheritance rules for the householders were quite different from taxpayer family rules, in that there was no certainty as to whether a plot of land would be inherited by his son. The district authority — either governmental, monastic, or aristocratic — was the ultimate landowner and decided inheritance. Compared to the taxpayer families the householders, however, had lighter tax obligations and only human labor corvée obligations to their district authorities. These obligations, unlike the taxpayer family obligations, fell only on the individual and not on his family.

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Other articles related to "householders, householder":

Steyning (UK Parliament Constituency) - History
... Act, the right to vote was exercised by the constable and all inhabitant householders paying scot and lot and not receiving alms this was a liberal franchise for the period, though it amounted to only around ... The householders seem historically to have had the right to vote, but the question was the subject of litigation through most of the 18th century ... the site of ancient houses, in effect a burgage franchise but the restoration of the householders' rights does not seem to have increased the electorate substantially ...
Householder (Buddhism) - Theravada Perspectives - Householders & Nibbana
... Nikaya (AN 6.119 and AN 6.120) identifies 19 householders (gahapati) who have "attained perfection" or, according to an alternate translation, "attained to certainty" (niṭṭhamgata) and "seen ... These householders are endowed (samannāgato) with six things (chahi dhammehi) unwavering faith (aveccappasādena) in the Buddha unwavering faith in the Teaching (dhamma) unwavering faith in the ... Milindapañha adds "...or a householder who has attained arahantship either, that very day, he goes forth into homelessness or he attains final Nibbāna ...
Kitchen Utensil - Diversity and Utility - "Labour-saving" Utensils Generating More Labour
... the advent of mass-produced standardized measuring instruments permitted even householders with little to no cooking skills to follow recipes and end up ... So while food was easier to prepare and to cook, ordinary householders at the same time were expected to prepare and to cook more complex and harder-to-prepare meals on a regular basis ...
Householder (Buddhism) - Theravada Perspectives - Lay-monastic Reciprocity
... celebrate and provide instruction for a vital reciprocity between householders and monastics ... For instance, in the Khuddaka Nikaya, the Buddha articulates that "brahmins and householders" (Pali, brāhmanagahapatikā) support monks by providing monks with robes, alms food, lodgings and medicine while monks ... In this sutta, the Buddha declares Householders the homeless in mutual dependence both reach the true Dhamma the unsurpassed safety from bondage ...
Subsidy Roll
... It was primarily confined to prosperous householders ... assessments are probably the hearth tax returns from 1662-1674, which give the names of householders and number of hearths for which they were responsible ... County volumes of liable householders have been published by the British Record Society ...