Siad Barre

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad Barre (Somali: Maxamed Siyaad Barre; Arabic: محمد سياد بري‎; October 6, 1919 – January 2, 1995) was the military dictator and President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991. During his rule, he styled himself as Jaalle Siyaad ("Comrade Siad").

At the time of independence in 1960, Somalia was touted in the West as the model of a democracy in Africa. However, clanism and extended family loyalties and conflicts were social problems the civilian government failed to eradicate and eventually succumbed to itself.

The Barre-led military junta that came to power after a coup d'état in 1969 said it would adapt scientific socialism to the needs of Somalia. It drew heavily from the traditions of China. Volunteer labour harvested and planted crops, and built roads and hospitals. Almost all industry, banks and businesses were nationalised, and cooperative farms were promoted. The government forbade clanism and stressed loyalty to the central authorities. A new writing script for the Somali language was also adopted. To spread the new language and the methods and message of the revolution, secondary schools were closed in 1974 and 25,000 students from fourteen to sixteen years of age and an additional 3,000 military and civil service employees were sent to rural areas to educate their nomadic relatives.

After 20 years of military rule, Barre's Supreme Revolutionary Council was eventually forced from power in the early 1990s by a coalition of armed opposition groups. He died in political exile in 1995, but was returned to Somalia for burial in his home region.

Read more about Siad Barre:  Early Years, Seizure of Power, Presidency, Death, Honours, Quotes

Other articles related to "siad barre":

Consolidation Of States Within Somalia (1998–2006) - Puntland
... In 1981, three groups of Majertin anti-Siad Barre émigrés in Aden (then part of South Yemen) formed the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, with the purpose of ... Yusuf Ahmed, and the defection of many to the Siad Barre regime ...
Siad Barre - Quotes
... we solemnly declare Somalia to be a Socialist State." — Siad Barre proclaims Somalia a socialist state, October 20, 1970 "When I came to Mogadishu...here was one road ...
Islam In Somalia - History - Modern Era
... On September 4, 1971, Siad Barre exhorted more than 100 religious teachers to participate in building a new socialist society ... Religion, Siad Barre said, was an integral part of the Somali worldview, but it belonged in the private sphere, whereas scientific socialism dealt ... the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Qur'an, Siad Barre announced a new family law that gave women the right to inheritance on an equal basis with men ...
Factions In The Somali Civil War - Factions Founded After The Fall of Siad Barre Through The UN Interventions (1991–1995) - Somali National Front (SNF)
... Leaders General Siad Barre, General, Mohammed Said Samatar ('Gacaliye'), General Omar Hagi Masallah,Dr ... Tribal Affiliation Marehan (Mareehaan) Founded March 1991 Loyalists to Siad Barre, the remnants of his army forces founded the SNF militia after his ouster from office ... Mogadishu and reinstate the regime of Siad Barre, and to etablish regional state in Gedo, Middle and Lower Jubba ...