Coordinates: 60°18′14″N 1°16′08″W / 60.3038°N 1.2689°W / 60.3038; -1.2689 Shetland (/ˈʃɛtlənd/; Scottish Gaelic: Sealtainn) is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies north-east of mainland Britain. The islands lie some 80 km (50 mi) to the northeast of Orkney and 280 km (170 mi) southeast of the Faroe Islands and form part of the division between the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the North Sea to the east. The total area is 1,468 km2 (567 sq mi) and the population totalled 22,210 in 2009. Comprising the Shetland constituency of the Scottish Parliament, Shetland is also one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the islands' administrative centre and only burgh is Lerwick.

The largest island, known simply as "Mainland", has an area of 967 km2 (373 sq mi), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth-largest of the British Isles. There are an additional 15 inhabited islands. The archipelago has an oceanic climate, a complex geology, a rugged coastline and many low, rolling hills.

Humans have lived there since the Mesolithic period, and the earliest written references to the islands date back to Roman times. The early historic period was dominated by Scandinavian influences, especially Norway, and the islands did not become part of Scotland until the 15th century. When Shetland became part of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, trade with northern Europe decreased. Fishing has continued to be an important aspect of the economy up to the present day. The discovery of North Sea oil in the 1970s significantly boosted Shetland incomes, employment and public sector revenues.

The local way of life reflects the joint Norse and Scottish heritage including the Up Helly Aa fire festival, and a strong musical tradition, especially the traditional fiddle style. The islands have produced a variety of writers of prose and poetry, many of whom use the local Shetlandic dialect. There are numerous areas set aside to protect the local fauna and flora, including a number of important seabird nesting sites.

Read more about ShetlandEtymology, Geography and Geology, Climate, Prehistory, Economy, Politics, Local Culture, Religion and The Arts, Wildlife

Other articles related to "shetland":

Shetland - Wildlife - Domesticated Animals
... There are a variety of indigenous breeds, of which the diminutive Shetland Pony is probably the best known as well as being an important part of the Shetland farming tradition ... of the pony was in 1603 in the Court Books of Shetland and, for its size, it is the strongest of all the horse breeds ... Others are the Shetland Sheepdog or "Sheltie", the endangered Shetland Cattle and Shetland Goose and the Shetland Sheep which is believed to have originated prior to 1000 AD ...
Shetland Plate
... The Shetland Plate is a small tectonic plate located off the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula ... The South Shetland Islands are formed from that collision ...
Shetland Arts
... Shetland Arts Development Agency or Shetland Arts for short, is a charitable organisation formed in 2006 (to replace the Shetland Arts Trust) with a remit to "encourage and assist in promoting and ... Shetland Arts intend to produce a comprehensive database of Shetland music ... Shetland Arts' annual programme of events also includes the Peerie Willie Guitar Festival, the ScreenPlay Film Festival (curated by Mark Kermode and Linda Ruth Williams) and the WordPlay Literature ...
List Of United Kingdom Locations: The-Thh - The - The N
... Essex 51.87° N 01.28° E TM263244 The Ness Shetland Islands 60.14° N 02.06° W HT967405 The Neuk Aberdeenshire 57°04′N 2°26′W / 57.06°N 02.44°W / 57.06 -02.44 NO7397 The Nev Shetland Islands 60.78 ...
Sovereign State Of Forvik - Oil Exploration
... other states) would likely exclude the corridor 200 miles west of Shetland because Shetland’s rights from Papa Stour and the west of Sandness would occlude Forvik's ... It has long been rumoured that Shetland is sitting on a basin of oil and as oil discoveries continue to be made ever closer to Shetland’s shores ... He elaborated in a different interview "The waters around Shetland belong to Shetland and I think the British government will find it very difficult ...