Sheffield i/ˈʃɛfiːld/ is a city and metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. Its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, and with some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 552,700 (2011 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group.

During the 19th century, Sheffield gained an international reputation for steel production. Many innovations were developed locally, including crucible and stainless steel, fuelling an almost tenfold increase in the population during the Industrial Revolution. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1843, becoming the City of Sheffield in 1893. International competition in iron and steel caused a decline in traditional local industries during the 1970s and 1980s, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area.

The 21st century has seen extensive redevelopment in Sheffield along with other British cities. Sheffield's gross value added (GVA) has increased by 60% since 1997, standing at £9.2 billion in 2007. The economy has experienced steady growth averaging around 5% annually, greater than that of the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber.

The city is located within the valleys of the River Don and its four tributaries, the Loxley, the Porter Brook, the Rivelin, and the Sheaf. 61% of Sheffield's entire area is green space, and a third of the city lies within the Peak District National Park. There are more than 200 parks, woodlands and gardens in the city, and an estimated 2.5 million trees, giving Sheffield the highest ratio of trees to people of any city in Europe.

Read more about Sheffield:  History, Government, Geography, Demography, Economy, Sport, Culture and Attractions, Public Services, Sister Cities

Other articles related to "sheffield":

History Of Sheffield
... The history of Sheffield, a city in South Yorkshire, England, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement in a clearing beside the River Sheaf in the second half of the 1st ... The area now known as Sheffield had seen human occupation since at least the last ice age, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the city did not ... Following the Norman conquest of England, Sheffield Castle was built to control the Saxon settlements and Sheffield developed into a small town, no larger than Sheffield City ...
1757 English Cricket Season
... A match in September between Wirksworth and Sheffield at Brampton Moor, near Chesterfield, is the earliest reference to cricket in Derbyshire ... cricket is known to have been played in Sheffield since 1751, this may be the earliest indication of the Sheffield Cricket Club that eventually became Yorkshire CCC ... in William White’s History General Directory of the Borough of Sheffield (1833) ...
History Of Sheffield - The 20th Century To The Present
... In 1914 Sheffield became a diocese of the Church of England, and the parish church became a cathedral ... During World War I the Sheffield City Battalion suffered heavy losses at the Somme and Sheffield itself was bombed by a German zeppelin ... The steel factories of Sheffield were set to work making weapons and ammunition for the war ...
History Of Sheffield - Mediaeval Sheffield
... led by John de Eyvill, marching from north Lincolnshire to Derbyshire passed through Sheffield and destroyed the town, burning the church and castle. 1296 Edward I granted a charter for a market to be held in Sheffield on Tuesday each week ... was followed on 10 August 1297 by a charter from Lord Furnival establishing Sheffield as a free borough ...