Sharīf (Arabic: شريف‎ šarīf) or Chérif is a traditional Arab tribal title given to those who serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets, such as property, wells, and land. In origin, the word is an adjective meaning "noble", "highborn". The feminine singular is sharifa(h) (Arabic: شريفة‎ šarīfah). The masculine plural is Ashraf (Arabic: اشراف‎ ʾašrāf).

Primarily Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term sharif for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali. Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of Prophet Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Arab Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf.

From 1201 until the Hejaz was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925, this family held the office of the Sharīf of Mecca, often also carrying the title and office of King of Hejaz. Descendants now rule the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the name being taken from the Banu Hashim, the sub-tribe of Banu Quraish, to which Prophet Muhammad belonged.

In Morocco, several of the regnal dynasties have been qualified as "Sharifian", being descendants of Prophet Muhammad. Today's Alaouite dynasty is also considered to be Sharifian.

The word has no etymological connection with the English term sheriff, which comes from the Old English word scīrgerefa, meaning "shire-reeve", the local reeve (enforcement agent) of the king in the shire (county).

Other articles related to "sharif":

Sharif Family - List of Family Members
... First Generation Muhammad Sharif, a Pakistani businessman and father of Nawaz Sharif and Shabaz Sharif ... Shamim Akhtar, wife Muhammad Sharif, and mother of Nawaz and Shabaz Sharif ... Second Generation Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan ...
Sharif Family - Family Tree
... Muhammad Sharif Shamim Akhtar Nawaz Sharif Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif Shahbaz Sharif Begum Nusrat Shahbaz Aaliya Honey Tehmina Durrani Abbas Sharif Hussain Nawaz ...
Sharif Family - Judiciary Issues
... In 2000, three main cases were filed against the Sharif family ... Nine members Muhammad Sharif, wife of Muhammad Sharif, Nawaz Sharif, Shahbaz Sharif, Abbas Sharif, Hussain Nawaz, Hamza Shahbaz, Shamim Akhtar, wife of Abbas ...
Sharif Family
... The Sharif family (Urdu شريف خاندان‎) is a Pakistani political family which has been dominant in the politics of Pakistan for much of Pakistan's political ... Sharif is a Mian tribe settled in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan ... Muhammad Sharif, the father of the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif, migrated from Jati Umra, Amritsar, after the partition of India ...

Famous quotes containing the word sharif:

    Making love? It’s a communion with a woman. The bed is the holy table. There I find passion—and purification.
    —Omar Sharif (b. 1932)