Secret police (sometimes political police) are an intelligence agencies and or police agency, law enforcement office which operates in secrecy and also quite often beyond the law to protect the political power of an individual dictator or an authoritarian political regime.
Instead of transparently enforcing the rule of law and being subject to public scrutiny as ordinary police agencies do, secret police organizations are specifically intended to operate beyond and above the law in order to suppress political dissent through clandestine acts of terror and intimidation (such as kidnapping, coercive interrogation, torture, internal exile, forced disappearance, and assassination) targeted against political enemies of the ruling authority.
Secret police forces are accountable only to the executive branch of the government, sometimes only to a dictator]. They operate entirely or partially in secrecy, that is, most or all of their operations are obscure and hidden from the general public and government except for the topmost executive officials. This semi-official capacity allows the secret police to bolster the government's control over their citizens while also allowing the government to deny prior knowledge of any violations of civil liberties.
Secret police agencies have often been used as an instrument of political repression.
States where the secret police wield significant power are sometimes referred to as police states or counterintelligence states. In theory, secret police differ from the domestic security agencies in modern liberal democracies, because domestic security agencies are generally subject to government regulation, reporting requirements, and other accountability measures.
Despite such overview, there still exists the possibility of domestic-security agencies acting unlawfully and taking on some characteristics of secret police. In some cases, certain police agencies are accused of being secret police and deny being such. For example, political groups and civil liberties organizations in the United States have at various times accused the Federal Bureau of Investigation of being secret police. Which government agencies may be classed or characterized, in whole or part, as "secret police" is disputed by political scientists.
Other articles related to "secret police, secret, police":
... In 1985, he was twice tortured by Poland's communist-era secret police (SB), and some twenty years later in 2006, he started researching the secret police archives kept ... wobec bezpieki na przykładzie archidiecezji krakowskiej" (Polish Priests and the Communist Secret Police) on priests who cooperated with communist secret services ...
... Lai and the other secret police officials were also said to have created a number of torture methods and equipments to get the accused to confess, and further, each time he knew ... That year, a famous incident involving Lai and fellow secret police official Zhou Xing occurred ... (丘神勣) had been accused of crime and executed, and subsequently, there were secret reports that Zhou was involved with Qiu's crimes ...
... Solidarity, Zaleski was tipped off that there was a pre-1989 secret police file on him in Krakow, by then under new Polish law, one could view one's own file, as well as those who informed on you ... of revealing the names of priests from the Archdiocese of Kraków, who had been secret informers of the Communist secret service ... publicly for all the priests who had served as secret agents for the Security Service to step forward and reveal themselves causing a furor ...
... Secret police not only have the traditional police authority to arrest and detain, but in some cases they are given unsupervised control of the length of detention, assigned to ... The tactics of investigation and intimidation used by secret police enable them to accrue so much power that they usually operate with little or no practical restraint ... Secret-police organizations employ internal spies and civilian informants to find protest leaders or dissidents, and they may also employ agents ...
... Is A Fix" is loosely based around government war and the lies surrounding war, whilst "Secret Police" also talks of government lies and espionage ... Frost That all points to a few of the tracks, there’s one called 'Secret Police' and one called 'Bad Guy', which are tying in with the espionage thing, but then one about ... "Secret Police" when performed in 2007 and during recording was titled "Revolution" - a reference to the lyrics ...
Famous quotes containing the words police and/or secret:
“Despite your best efforts, you could not invent a better police force for literature than criticism and the authors own conscience.”
—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (18601904)
“The secret of success lies never in the amount of money, but in the relation of income to outgo.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)