Scythia Minor or Lesser Scythia (Greek: Μικρά Σκυθία, Mikrá Skythia) was in ancient times the region surrounded by the Danube at the north and west and the Black Sea at the east, corresponding to today's Dobruja, with a part in Romania and a part in Bulgaria.
The earliest description of the region is found in Herodotus, who identified as Scythia the region starting north of the Danube delta. In a 2nd century BC inscription recording a decree of Histria honouring Agathocles, the region already was named Scythia, while the earliest usage of the name "Scythia Minor" (Mikrá Skythia) in literature is found in Strabo's early 1st-century Geography.
By the 7th century BC, several Greek colonies were built on its Black Sea shore, and the earliest written Greek reports state that the lands were inhabited by Thracians, reidentified in time as Getae and then Dacians. During later times, the area also witnessed Celtic and Scythian invasions. It was part of the kingdom of Dacia for a period, after which the region was conquered by the Roman Empire, becoming part of the province of Moesia Inferior. With Diocletian's reforms, it was split from Moesia as a separate province of "Scythia", being part of the Diocese of Thrace. After the partition of the Empire in 395, the province was retained by the Byzantine Empire. It retained the name Scythia Minor, until the region's loss during the early 7th century to the migrating Slavs and Bulgars. After that, the classical name fell out of use.
Other articles related to "scythia minor, scythia":
... See also Lower Moesia, Roman Dacia, and Scythia Minor Christian communities in Romania date at least from the 3rd century ... Christ's teachings were first propagated in "Scythia" by St ... If "Scythia" refers to Scythia Minor, and not to the Crimea as has been claimed by the Russian Orthodox Church, Christianity in Romania can be considered of apostolic origin ...
... Main article Scythia Minor The territory between the Lower Danube and the Black Sea remained a fully integrated part of the Roman Empire, even after the abandonment of Trajan's Dacia ... It was transformed into a separate province under the name of Scythia Minor around 293 ... The existence of Christian communities in Scythia Minor became evident under Emperor Diocletian (284–305) ...
... The geographical linked boundaries or overlaps of Scythia and Parthia with Assyria and the Medes are further cited as establishing a link ... into Europe since the territory of the Scythians stretched into Ukraine and Romania (see Scythia Minor) ... maintain that as the Scythians and Cimmerians extended their territory into Europe (Scythia Minor and Sarmatia) they increased their multitude, and that the Israelites by the early first few centuries AD had ...
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